5.3.2 Polymer STXM

Beamline 5.3.2 Overview


Now: STXM@

New: STXM@ (Not available until further notice)

Source characteristics

Bend magnet

Energy range

STXM@ 250 - 800 eV (

STXM@ 350 - 2500 eV (


Low-dispersion, spherical-grating monochromators

single grating (

dual grating (

Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

1 x 107 photons/s at sample

Resolving power (E/ΔE)



Scanning transmission x-ray microscopes: STXM@ - Sample scanning

STXM@ - Sample or Zone plate scanning


Active servo-stabilized toroidal M1 mirror

Spot size at sample (FWHM)

25 nm experimental, 31 nm theoretical using 25 nm Zone plates

Experimental techniques

STXM@ Serves approved program users and general users using the dedicated polymer STXM@ for NEXAFS Spectromicroscopy at the C, N and O K edges and at the Fe 2p edges.

STXM@ Not available

Beamline 5.3.2 Staff

Arthur L. (David) Kilcoyne Scientist, BL 5.3.2 & 10.0.1 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Hongpin Yan ALS Doctoral Fellow, BL 5.3.2
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. TBD

Beamline 5.3.2 - STXM@ Publications


Years of Publication: 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002

Ph.D. Thesis and M.Sc. Thesis

Publications from the STXM@ (2002-2011)


132.     George D. Cody, Neal S. Gupta, Derek E.G. Briggs, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, Roger E. Summons, Fabien, Kenig, Roy E. Plotnick and Andrew C. Scott, “Molecular signature of chitin-protein complex in Paleozoic arthropods”, Geology 2011;39;255-258 (2011). (


2010 (35)

131.     Bahadur, R., L.M. Russell, and K. Prather, “Composition and morphology of individual combustion, biomass burning, and secondary organic particle types obtained using urban and coastal ATOFMS and STXM-NEXAFS measurements”, Aerosol Science and Technology 44, 551-562 (2010). (

130.         Caster, A.G., S. Kowarik, A.M. Schwartzberg,  and S.R. Leone, A. Tivanski, M,G, Gilles, “Quantifying reaction spread and x-ray exposure sensitivity in hydrogen silsesquioxane latent resist patterns with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B28(6), 1304-1313 (2010). (

129.         Chan, C.S., S. C Fakra, D. Emerson, E.J. Fleming and K.J. Edward, “Lithotrophic iron-oxidizing bacteria produce organic stalks to control mineral growth: implications for biosignature formation”, The ISME Journal (2010), 1–11 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

128.         Collins, B. A. E. Gann, L. Guignard, X. He, C. R. McNeill, and H. Ade, “Molecular miscibility of polymer-fullerene blends, J. Phys.Chem.Letts. 1, 3160-3166 (2010). (

127.         De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, L.R. Nittler, C. Alexander, A. Kilcoyne, and T. Zega, “Isotopic anomalies in organic nanoglobules from Comet 81P/Wild 2, comparison to Murchison nanoglobules and isotopic anomalies induced in terrestrial organics by electron irradiation”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 4454 (2010). (

126.         Felten, A., X. Gillon, M. Gulas, J.J. Pireaux, X.X. Ke, G. Van Tendeloo, C. Bittencourt, E. Najafi, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Measuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using Polarization-Dependent X-ray Microscopy”, ACS Nano 4(8), 4431-4436 (2010). (

125.         Ghorai, S., and A.V. Tivanski, “Hygroscopic behavior of individual submicrometer particles studied by X-ray spectromicroscopy,” Analytical Chemistry 82(22), 9289–9298 (2010). (

124.         Hawkins, L.N., and L.M. Russell, “Polysaccharides, proteins, and phytoplankton fragments, four chemically distinct types of marine primary organic aerosol classified by single particle spectromicroscopy”, Advances in Meteorology 2010, A612132 (2010). (

123.         Hawkins, L. N., L. M. Russell, D. S. Covert, P. K. Quinn, and T. S. Bates, “Carboxylic acids, sulfates, and organosulfates in processed continental organic aerosol over the southeast Pacific Ocean during VOCALS‐REx 2008”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, D13201 (2010). (

122.         Keiluweit, M., P.S. Nico, M.G. Johnson, and M. Kleber, “Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (Biochar)”, Environmental Science and Technology 44, 1247-1253 (2010). (

121.         Knopf, D.A., B. Wang, A. Laskin, R.C. Moffet, and M.K. Gilles, “Heterogeneous nucleation of ice on anthropogenic organic particles collected in Mexico City”, Geophysical Research Letters 37, L11803 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

120.         Kowarik, S., K. Broch, A. Hinderhofer, A. Schwartzberg, J. P. Ossó, D. Kilcoyne, F. Schreiber and S.R. Leone, “Crystal grain orientation in organic homo- and heteroepitaxy of pentacene and perfluropentacene studied with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Physical Chemistry C114, 13061-13067 (2010). (

119.         Leung, B.O., J.L. Brash, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Characterization of biomaterials by soft X-ray spectromicroscopy,” Materials 3(7), 3911–39138 (2010). (7.3.1,,

118.         Leung, B.O., A.P. Hitchcock, J.L. Brash, A. Scholl, and A. Doran, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of protein adsorption to polystyrene-polyethylene oxide blend”, Langmuir 26, 14759-14765 (2010). (7.3.1,

117.         Leung, B. O., J. Wang, J.L. Brash, and A.P. Hitchcock, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of albumin adsorption to cross-linked polyethylene oxide films”, Advanced Engineering Materials 12, B133-B138 (2010). (7.3.1,

116.         Li, J., A.P. Hitchcock, and H.DH. Stover, “Pickering Emulsion Templated Interfacial Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization for Microencapsulation,” Langmuir 26(23), 17926–17935 (2010). (

115.         Martín, Z., I. Jiménez, M. Ángeles Gómez, H. Ade, and D. A. Kilcoyne, “Interfacial interactions in PP/MMT/SEBS nanocomposites”, Macromolecules 43, 448–453 (2010). (

114.         McNeill, C.R., K. Asadi, B. Watts, P.WM. Blom, and D.M. de Leeuw, “Structure of phase-separated ferroelectric/semiconducting polymer blends for organic non-volatile memories”, Small 6(4), 508-512 (2010). (

113.         Moffet, R.C., T. R. Henn, A. V. Tivanski, R. J. Hopkins, Y. Desyaterik3, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, J. Fast, J. Barnard, V. Shutthanandan, S. S. Cliff, K. D. Perry, A. Laskin, and M. K. Gilles, “Microscopic characterization of carbonaceous aerosol particle aging in the outflow from Mexico City”, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 961-976 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

112.          Moffet, R.C., T. Henn, A. Laskin, and M.K. Gilles, “Automated Chemical Analysis of Internally Mixed Aerosol Particles Using X-ray Spectromicroscopy at the Carbon K-Edge,” Analytical Chemistry 82(19), 7906–7914 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

111.         Najafi, E., J. Wang, A.P. Hitchcock, J. Guan, S. Denomme, and B. Simard, “Characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes by scanning transmission x-ray spectromicroscopy, purification, order and dodecyl functionalization”, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132, 9020-9029 (2010). (

110.         Neu, T.R., B. Manz, F. Volke, J.J. Dynes, A.P. Hitchcock, and J.R. Lawrence, “Advanced imaging techniques for assessment of structure, composition and function in biofilm systems”, FEMS Microbiology Ecology 72, 1-21 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

109.         Papineau, D., B.T. De Gregorio, G.D. Cody, M. D. Fries, S.J. Mojzsis, A. Steele, R.M. Stroud and M.L. Fogel, “Ancient graphite in the Eoarchean quartz–pyroxene rocks from Akilia in southern West Greenland I, Petrographic and spectroscopic characterization”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 5862–5883 (2010). (

108.         Pratt, K.A., C.H. Twohy, S.M. Murphy, R.C. Moffet, A.J. Heymsfield, C.J. Gaston, P.J. DeMott, P.R. Field, T.R. Henn, D.C. Rogers, M.K. Gilles, J.H. Seinfeld, and K.A. Prather, “Observation of playa salts as nuclei in orographic wave clouds”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 115, D15301 (2010). (, 11.0.2)

107.         Raab, T.K., and D.A. Lipson. “The Rhizosphere, A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root Zone”, Developments in Soil Science , B. Singh, M. Grafe, Vol. 34, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2010), 171-198 (2010). (

106.         Roberts, G.C., D.A. Day, L.M. Russell, E.J. Dunlea, J.L. Jimenez, J.M. Tomlinson, D.R. Collins, Y. Shinozuka, and A.D. Clarke, “Characterization of particle cloud droplet activity and composition in the free troposphere and the boundary layer during INTEX-B”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 6627-6644, (2010). (

105.         Russell, L.M., L.N. Hawkins, A.A. Frossard, P.K. Quinn, and T.S. Bates, “Carbohydrate-like composition of submicron atmospheric particles and their production from ocean bubble bursting”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(15), 6652-6657 (2010). (

104.         Schwartz, R.E., L.M. Russell, S.J. Slosted, A. Vlasenko, J.G. Slowik, J.P.D Abbat, A.M. Macdonald, S.M. Li, J. Liggio, D. Toom-Sauntry, and W.R. Leaitch, “Biogenic oxidized organic functional groups in aerosol particles from a mountain forest site and their similarities to laboratory chamber products”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10(11), 5075-5088 (2010). (

103.         Strachan, J. P., M. Pickett, J. Yang, S. Aloni, D. Kilcoyne, G. Medeiros-Ribeiro, and S. Williams, “Direct identification of the conducting channels in a functioning memrisistive device”, Adv. Mater. 22, 3573–3577 (2010). (

102.         Swaraj, S., C. Wang, HP. Yan, and H. Ade, “Nanomorphology of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic thin films probed with Resonant soft x-ray scattering”, Nano Letters 10(8), 2863-2869 (2010). (6.3.2,

101.         Takahama, S., S. Liu, and L.M. Russell, “Coatings and clusters of carboxylic acids in carbon-containing atmospheric particles from spectromicroscopy and their implications for cloud-nucleating and optical properties”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 115, D01202 (2010). (

100.         Wallis, P.J., A.L. Chaffee, W.P. Gates, A.F. Patti, and J.L. Scott, “Partial exchange of Fe(III) montmorillonite with hexadecyltrimethylammonium cation Increases catalytic activity for hydrophobic substrates”, Langmuir 26, 4258-4265 (2010). (

99.             Wang, Y.T., Y. Zou, T. Araki, L.N. Jan, A. Kilcoyne, J. Sokolov, H. Ade, and M. Rafailovich, “Probing the chain and crystal lattice orientation in polyethylene thin films by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy”, Macromolecules 43(19), 8153-8161 (2010). (

98.             Yabuta, H., C.M. O'D Alexander, M.L. Fogel, A.L. D Kilcoyne, and G.D. Cody, “A molecular and isotopic study of the macromolecular organic matter of the ungrouped C2 WIS 91600 and its relationship to Tagish Lake and PCA 91008,” Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45(9), 1446–1460 (2010). (

97.       Yan, HP., S. Swaraj, C. Wang, I. Hwang, N.C. Greenham, C. Groves, H. Ade, and C.R. McNeill, “Influence of annealing and interfacial roughness on the performance of bilayer donor/acceptor polymer photovoltaic devices”, Advanced Functional Materials 20, 4329-4337 (2010). (6.3.2,


2009 (26)

96.       Ade, H., and H. Stoll, “Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure microscopy of organic and magnetic materials”,Nature Materials 8(4), 281-290 (2009). (

95.       Ade, H., C. Wang, A. Garcia, H. Yan, K.E. Sohn, A. Hexemer, G.C. Bazan, T.-Q. Nguyen, and E.J. Kramer, “Characterization of multicomponent polymer trilayers with resonant soft x-ray reflectivity”, Journal of Polymer Science Part B, Polymer Physics 47(13), 1291-1299 (2009). (6.3.2,

94.        Burke, K.B., W.J. Belcher, L. Thomsen, B. Watts, C.R. McNeill, H. Ade, and P.C. Dastoor, “Role of solvent trapping effects in determining the structure and morphology of ternary blend organic devices”, Macromolecules 42(8), 3098-3103 (2009). (

93.       Busemann, H., A.N. Nguyen, G.D. Cody, P. Hoppe, A. Kilcoyne, R.M. Stroud, T.J. Zega, and L.R. Nittler, “Ultra-primitive interplanetary dust particles from the comet 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup dust stream collection”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 288, 44-57 (2009). (

92.       Chan C.S., S.C. Fakra, D.C. Edwards, D. Emerson and J.F. Banfield, “Iron oxyhydroxide mineralization on microbial extracellular polysaccharides”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73(13), 3807-3818 (2009). (11.0.2,, 10.3.2)

91.       Covelli, D., D. Hernández-Cruz, B.M. Haines, V. Munoz, O. Omotoso, R. Mikula, and S.G. Urquhart, “NEXAFS microscopy studies of the association of hydrocarbon thin films with fine clay particles”, J. Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 173, 1-6 (2009). (

90.       Day, D. A., S. Takahama, S. G. Gilardoni, L. M. Russell, “Organic composition of single and submicron particles in different regions of western North America and the eastern Pacific during INTEX-B 2006”, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 5433-5446 (2009). (

89.       Dynes, J.J., J.R. Lawrence, D.R. Korber, G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard and A.P. Hitchcock, “Morphological and biochemical changes in Pseudomonas Fluorescens biofilms induced by sub-inhibitory exposure to antimicrobial agents”, Can. J. Microbiology 55, 163-178 (2009). (

88.       Fujii, S., D. Dupin, T. Araki, S. P. Armes, and H. Ade, “First direct imaging of electrolyte-Induced deswelling behavior of pH responsive microgels in aqueous media using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Langmuir 25(5), 2588-2592 (2009). (

87.       Hanhan, S., A.M. Smith, M. Obst and A.P. Hitchcock, “Optimization of analysis of Ca 2p soft x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 173, 44-49 (2009). (

86.       Hitchcock, A. P., Dynes, J.J.,  J.R. Lawrence, M. Obst, G.D.W. Swerhone, D.R. Korber and G.G. Leppard, “Soft x-ray spectromicroscopy of nickel sorption in a natural river biofilm”, Geobiology 7, 432-453 (2009). 11.0.2,

85.       Leaitch, W.R., A.M. Macdonald, K.G. Anlauf, P.S.K. Liu, D. Toom-Sauntry, S.M. Li, J. Liggio, K. Hayden, M.A. Wasey, L.M. Russell, S. Takahama, S. Liu, A. van Donkellar, T. Duck, R.V. Martin, Q. Zhang, Y. Sun, I. McKendry, N. C. Shantz, and M. Cubison, “Evidence for Asian dust effects from aerosol plume measurements during INTEX-B 2006 near Whistler, BC”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 3523-3546 (2009). (

84.       Leung, B.O., J. Wang, J.L. Brash, A.P. Hitchcock, R. Cornelius, A. Scholl and A. Doran, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of protein adsorption to a polystyrene-polylactide blend”, Biomacromolecules 10, 1838-1845 (2009). (7.3.1,

83.       Li, J., A.P. Hitchcock, H.D.H. Stover and I. Shirley, “A new approach to experimentally studying microcapsule wall growth mechanisms”, Macromolecules 42, 2428-2432 (2009). (

82.       Liu, S., S. Takahama, L. M. Russell, S. Gilardoni, D. Baumgardner, “Oxygenated organic functional groups and their sources in single and submicron organic particles in MILAGRO 2006 campaign”, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 9, 6849-6863 (2009). (

81.       Martín, Z., I. Jiménez, M. Ángeles Gómez H.W. Ade, D.A. Kilcoyne, and D. Hernádez-Cruz, “Spectromicroscopy study of intercalation and exfoliation in polypropylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites”, Journal of Physical Chemistry 113, 11160-11165 (2009). (

80.       McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, P.C. Dastoor, and H. Ade, “Evolution of laterally phase-separated polyfluorene blend morphology studied by x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Macromolecules 42(9), 3347-3352 (2009). (

79.       Norlund, K.L.I., G. Southam, T. Tyliszczak, Y. Hu, C. Karunakaran, M. Obst, A.P. Hitchcock, and L.A. Warren, “A novel syntrophic microbial sulphur metabolising consortia, new evidence for microbial global carbon cycling”, Environmental Science and Technology 43, 8781-8786 (2009). (11.0.2,

78.       Obst, M., J.J. Dynes, J.R. Lawrence, G.D.W Swerhone, K. Benzerara, C. Karunakaran, K. Kaznatcheev, T. Tyliszczak, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Precipitation of amorphous CaCO3 (aragonite-like) by cyanobacteria, A STXM study of the influence of EPS on the nucleation process”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73(14), 4180-4198 (2009). (, 11.0.2)

77.       Obst, M., J. Wang and A.P. Hitchcock, “Soft x-ray spectro-tomography study of cyanobacterial biomineral nucleation”, Geobiology 7, 577-591 (2009). (

76.       Swaraj, S., C. Wang, T. Araki, G. Mitchell, L. Liu, S. Gaynor, B. Deshmukh, H. Yan, C.R. McNeill, and H. Ade, “The utility of resonant soft x-ray scattering and reflectivity for the nanoscale characterization of polymers”, European Physical Journal-Special Topics 167 [168], 121-126 (2009). (6.3.2,

75.       Toner, B.M., S.C. Fakra, S.J. Manganini, C.M. Santelli, M.A. Marcus, J.W. Moffett, O. Rouxel, C.R. German, K.J. Edwards, “Preservation of Iron(II) by Carbon-rich Matrices in a Hydrothermal Plume”, Nature Geosciences 2, 197-201 (2009). (11.0.2,, 10.3.2)

74.       Wang, C., A. Garcia, H. Yan, K. Sohn, A. Hexemer, T.-Q. Nguyen, G.C. Bazan, E.J. Kramer, and H. Ade, “Interfacial Widths of Conjugated Polymer Bilayers”, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, 12538-12539 (2009). (6.3.2,

73.       Wang, J., C. Morin, L. Li, A.P. Hitchcock, A. Scholl, A. Doran, “Radiation damage in soft X-ray microscopy”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170, 25-36 (2009). (7.3.1,

72.       Wang, J., G.A. Botton, M.M. West and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative evaluation of radiation damage to polyethylene terephthalate by soft X-rays and high-energy electrons”, J. Phys. Chem., B113, 1869-1876 (2009). (, 7.3.1)

71.       Watts, B., W.J. Belcher, L. Thomsen, H. Ade, and P.C. Dastoor, “A Quantitative Study of PCBM Diffusion during Annealing of P3HT,PCBM Blend Films”, Macromolecules 42(21), 8392-8397 (2009). (


2008 (13)

70.    Ade, H., A.P. Hitchcock, “NEXAFS microscopy and resonant scattering, composition and orientation probed in real and reciprocal space”, Polymer 49(3), 643 - 675 (2008)

69.    Ashcroft, J.M., W. Gu, T. Zhang, S.M. Hughes, K.B. Hartman, C. Hofmann, A.G. Kanaras, D.A. Kilcoyne, M Le Gros, Y. Yin, P.A. Alivisatos, C.A. Larabell, “TiO2 nanoparticles as a soft x-ray molecular probe”, Chem. Commun. 2008, 2471-2473 (2008). (

68.    Cody, G.D., C.M.O’D. Alexander, H. Yabuta, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, T. Araki, H. Ade, P. Dera, M. Fogel, B. Militzer, B.O. Mysen, “Organic thermometry for chondritic parent bodies”, Earth and Planetary Sci. Letts. 272, 446-455 (2008). (

67.    Cody, G.D., H. Ade, C.M.O.D. Alexander, T. Araki, A. Butterworth, H. Fleckenstein, G.J. Flynn, M.K. Gilles, C. Jacobsen, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, K. Messenger, S.A. Sanford, T. Tyliszczak, A.J. Westphal, S. Wirick, H. Yabuta, “Quantitative organic and light element analysis of comet 81P/Wild 2 particles using C-, N-, and O-uXANES”, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 43, 353-365 (2008). (

66.    Hopkins, R. J., Y. Desyaterik, A. V. Tivanski, R. A. Zaveri, C. M. Berkowitz, T. Tyliszczak, M. K. Gilles, and A. Laskin. Chemical Speciation of Sulfur in Marine Cloud Droplets and Particles: Analysis of Individual Particles from the Marine Boundary Layer Over the California Current. J. Geophys. Res. 113, D04209 (2008). (, 11.0.2)

65.    Hunter R.C., A.P. Hitchcock, J.J. Dynes, M. Obst and J. Beveridge, “Mapping the speciation of iron in pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Env.Sci.Tech. 42, 8766-8772 (2008). (

64.    Lepiller, C., V. Gauthier, J. Gaudet, A. Pereira, M. Lefevre, D. Guay, A. Hitchcock, “Studies of Nafion-RuO2.xH2o composite membranes”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, B70 – B78 (2008). (

63.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, S. Swaraj, H. Ade, L. Thomsen, W. Belcher, P.C. Dastoor, “Evolution of the nanomorphology of photovoltaic polyfluorene blends, sub-100 nm resolution with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Nanotechnology 19, 424015 (2008). (

62.   Moffet, R.C., Y. Desyaterik, R.J. Hopkins, A.V. Tivanski, M.K. Gilles, V. Shutthanandan, L.T. Molina, R.A. Gonzalez, K.S. Johnson, M.J. Molina, A. Laskin, and K.A. Prather, “Characterization of Aerosols Containing Zn, Pb, and Cl from an Industrial Region of Mexico City,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 7091–7097 (2008). (11.0.2,

61.    Najafi, E., D. Hernandez-Cruz, M. Obst, A.P. Hitchcock, B. Douhard, J-J. Pireaux and A. Felten, “Polarization dependence of the C 1s X-ray absorption spectra of individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes”, Small 4, 2279-2285 (2008). (

60.    Takahama, S., S. Gilardoni and L.M. Russell, “Single-particle oxidation state and morphology of atmospheric iron aerosols”, J. Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 113, D22202 (2008). (11.0.2,

59.    Urquhart, S.G., U.D. Lanke, and J. Fu, “Characterization of molecular orientation in organic nanomaterials by x-ray linear dichroism microscopy”, Int. J. Nanotechnology 5, 1138–1170 (2008). (11.0.2, 7.3.1,

58.    Watts, B., H. Ade, “A simple method for determining linear polarization and energy calibration of focused soft X-ray beams”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 162, 49-55 (2008)


2007 (20)

57.    Felten, A., C. Bittencourt, J.J. Pireaux, M. Reichelt, J. Mayer, D. Hernández Cruz, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Individual Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes Spectroscopy by Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, Nano Letters 7(8), 2435–2440 (2007). (

56.    Fu, J., and S.G. Urquhart, “Effect of Chain Length and Substrate Temperature on the Growth and Morphology of n-Alkane Thin Films”, Langmuir 23(5), 2615–2622 (2007). (, 11.0.2)

55.    Hernández Cruz, D., A.P. Hitchcock, T. Tyliszczak, M.-E. Rousseau, and M. Pézolet, “In situ azimuthal rotation device for linear dichroism measurements in scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 033703-1–033703-6 (2007). (, 11.0.2)

54.    Hitchcock, A.P., J. Li, S. Reijerkerk, P. Foley, H.D.H. Stöver, and I. Shirley, “X-ray absorption spectroscopy of polyureas and polyurethanes and their use in characterizing chemical gradients in thin-walled polyurea capsules”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 156-158(1), 467–471 (2007). (

53.    Hopkins, R.J., A.V. Tivanski, B.D. Marten, and M.K. Gilles, “Chemical Bonding and Structure of Black Carbon Reference Materials and Individual Carbonaceous Atmospheric Aerosols”, J. Aerosol Science 38(6), 573–591 (2007). (, 11.0.2)

52.    Hopkins, R.J., K. Lewis, Y. Desayerik, Z. Wang, A.V. Tivanski, W.P. Arnot, A. Laskin, M.K. Gilles, “Correlations between optical, chemical and physical properties of Biomass burn aerosols”, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L18806 (2007)

51.    Johansson, G.A., T. Tyliszczak, G.E. Mitchell, M. Keefe, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Three-dimensional Chemical Mapping by Scanning Transmission X-ray Spectromicroscopy”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 14(part 5), 395–402 (2007). (

50.    Kaznatcheev, K., and T. Hegmann, “Molecular ordering in a biaxial smectic-A phase studied by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM)”, Phys. Chem. Chem.  Phys. 9, 1705–1712 (2007). (

49.    Kaznatcheev, K.V., P. Dudin, O.D. Lavrentovich, and A.P. Hitchcock, “X-ray microscopy study of chromonic liquid crystal dry film texture”, Phys. Rev. E 76(6), 061703-1–061703-14 (2007). (

48.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, H. Ade, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “X-ray Microscopy of Photovoltaic Polyfluorene Blends, Relating Nanomorphology to Device Performance”, Macromolecules 40(9), 3263–3270 (2007). (

47.    Michelsen, H.A., A.V. Tivanski, M.K. Gilles, L.H. van Poppel, M.A. Dansson, and P. Buseck, “Particle formation from pulsed laser irradiation of soot aggregates studied with a scanning mobility particle sizer, a transmission electron microscope, and a scanning transmission x-ray microscope”, Appl. Optics 46(6), 959–977 (2007). (, 11.0.2)

46.    Rousseau, M.-E., D. Hernández Cruz, M.M West, A.P. Hitchcock, and M. Pézolet, “Nephilia clavipes Spider Dragline Silk Microstructure Studied by Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(13), 3897–3905 (2007). (

45.    Sandford S.A., J. Aléon, C. M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, J. Borg, J. P. Bradley, D. E. Brownlee, J. R. Brucato, M. J. Burchell, H. Busemann4, A. Butterworth, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, L. d’Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, J. P. Dworkin, G. Ferrini, H. Fleckenstein, G. J. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, M. K. Gilles, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, F. Grossemy, C. Jacobsen, L. P. Keller, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, J. Leitner, G. Matrajt, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, S. Mostefaoui, L. R. Nittler, M. E. Palumbo, D. A. Papanastassiou, F. Robert, A. Rotundi, C. J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, A. Steele, T. Stephan, P. Tsou, T. Tyliszczak, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, B. Wopenka, H. Yabuta, R. N. Zare, and M. E. Zolensky, “Overview of the Results of the Organics PET Study of the Cometary Samples Returned from Comet Wild 2 by the Stardust Mission”, Lunar Planet. Sci. 38, 1301 (2007) (, 11.0.2, 1,4.1)

44.   Stewart-Ornstein, J., A.P. Hitchcock, D. Hernàndez Cruz, P. Henklein, J. Overhage, K. Hilpert, J.D. Hale, and R.E.W. Hancock, “Using Intrinsic X-ray Absorption Spectral Differences To Identify and Map Peptides and Proteins”, J. Phys. Chem. B 111(26), 7691–7699 (2007). (

43.    Takahama, S., S. Gilardoni, L.M. Russell and A.L.D. Kilcoyne, “Classification of multiple types of organic carbon composition in atmospheric particles by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy analysis”, Atm. Environ. 41, 9435-9451 (2007). (, 7.0.1)

42.    Tivanski, A.V., R.J. Hopkins, T. Tyliszczak, and M.K. Gilles”, Oxygenated Interface on Biomass Burn Tar Balls Determined by Single Particle Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. A 111(25), 5448–5458 (2007). (11.0.2,

41.    Wang, J., H.D.H. Stover, A.P. Hitchcock, and T. Tyliszczak, “Chemically Selective Soft X-ray Patterning of Polymers”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 14(part 2), 181–190 (2007). (, 11.0.2)

40.    Wang, J., H.D.H. Stover, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Chemically Selective soft X-ray Direct-write Patterning of Multilayer Polymer Films”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(44), 16330–16338 (2007). (

39.    Wang, C., T. Araki, B. Watts, S. Harton, T. Koga, S. Basu, and H. Ade, “Resonant Soft X-ray Reflectivity of Organic Thin Films”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 25, 575–586 (2007). (6.3.2,

38.    Winesett, D.A., and A.H. Tsou, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy of Curative and Filler Migration of Inner Liner Compounds”, Rubber Chemistry and Technology 80(1), 14–23 (2007). (


2006 (15)

37.    Araki, T., H. Ade, J.M. Stubbs, D.C. Sundberg, G.E. Mitchell, J.B. Kortright, and A.L.D Kilcoyne, “Resonant soft x-ray scattering from structured polymer nanoparticles”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(12), 124106-1–124106-3 (2006). (,

36.    Brownlee, D., P. Tsou, J. Aléon, C.M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, R. Bastien, P. Bland, P. Bleuet, J. Borg,  J. P. Bradley, A. Brearley, F. Brenker, S. Brennan, J.C. Bridges, N.D. Browning, J.R. Brucato, E. Bullock, M.J. Burchell, H. Busemann, A. Butterworth, M. Chaussidon, A. Cheuvront, M. Chi, M.J. Cintala, B.C. Clark, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, P. Cordier, Z. Dai, L. D'Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, G. Dominquez, T. Duxbury, J. P. Dworkin, S. S. Ebel, T.E. Economou, S. Fakra, S.A.J. Fairey, S. Fallon, G. Ferrini, T. Ferroir,  H. Fleckenstein, C. Floss, G. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, Z. Gainsforth, J,P, Gallien, M. Genge, M. K. Gilles, P. Gillet, J. Gilmour, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, M.M. Grady, G.A. Graham, P.G. Grant, S.F. Green, F. Grossemy, L. Grossman, J.N. Grossman, Y. Guan, K. Hagiya, R. Harvey, P. Heck, G.F. Herzog, P. Hoppe, F. Hörz, J. Huth, I.D. Hutcheon, K. Ignatyev, H. Ishii, M. Ito, D. Jacob, C. Jacobsen, S. Jacobsen, S. Jones, D. Joswiak, A. Jurewicz, A.T. Kearsley. L. P. Keller, H. Khodja, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, J. Kissel, A. Krot, F. Langenhorst, A. Lanzirotti, L.Le, L.A. Leshin, J. Leitner, L. Lemelle, H. Leroux, M-C. Liu, K. Luening, I. Lyon, G. MacPherson, M.A. Marcus, K. Marhas, B. Marty, G. Matrajt, K. McKeegan, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, K. Messenger, S. Messenger, T. Mikouchi, S. Mostefaoui, T. Nakamura, T. Nakano, M. Newville, L. R. Nittler, I. Ohnishi, K. Ohsumi, K. Okudaira, D.A. Papanastassiou, R. Palma, M.E. Palumbo, R.O.Pepin, D. Perkins, M. Perronnet, P. Pianetta, W. Rao, F.J.M. Rietmeijer, F. Robert, D. Rost, A. Rotundi, R. Ryan, S.A. Sandford, C.S. Schwandt, T.H. See, D. Schlutter, J. Sheffield-Parker, A. Simionovici, S. Simon, I. Sitnitsky, C.J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, F.J. Stadermann, A. Steele, T Stephan, R. Stroud, J. Susini, S.R. Sutton, Y. Suzuki, M. Taheri, S. Taylor, N. Teslich, K. Tomeoka, N. Tomioka, A. Toppani, J.M. Trigo-Rodríguez, D. Troadec, A. Tsuchiyama, A. J. Tuzzolino, T. Tyliszczak, K. Uesugi, M. Velbel, J. Vellenga, E. Vicenzi, L. Vincze, J. Warren, I. Weber, M. Weisberg, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, D. Wodden, B. Wopenka, P. Wozniakiewicz, I. Wright, H. Yabuta, H. Yano, E.D. Young, R. N. Zare, T. Zega, K. Ziegler, L. Zimmerman, E. Zinner, M, and M. E. Zolensky, “Comet 81P/Wild 2 under a microscope”, Science 314(5806), 1711–1716 (2006). (11.0.2, 1.4.3, 10.3.2,

35.    Dynes, J.J., T. Tyliszczak, T. Araki, J.R. Lawrence, G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Speciation and quantitative mapping of metal species in microbial biofilms using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”,        Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(5), 1556–1565 (2006). (11.0.2,

34.    Dynes, J.J., J.R. Lawrence, D.R. Korber, G.DW. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative mapping of chlorhexidine in diatoms in natural river biofilms”, Science of the Total Environment 369(1-3), 369–383 (2006). (

33.    Felten, A., H. Hody, C. Bittencourt, J.-J. Pireaux, D. Hernández Cruz, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Scanning transmission x-ray microscopy of isolated multiwall carbon nanotubes”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(9), 093123-1–093123-3 (2006). (

32.    Hernández Cruz, D., M.-E. Rousseau, M.M. West, M. Pezolet, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative Mapping of the Orientation of Fibroin beta-Sheets in B. mori Cocoon Fibers by Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, Biomacromolecules 7(3), 836–843 (2006). (

31.    Iwata, N., K. Tani, A. Watada, H. Ikeura-Sekiguchi, T. Araki, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Chemical component mapping of pulverized toner by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy”, Micron 37(4), 290–295 (2006). (

30.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “Nanoscale Quantitative Chemical Mapping of Conjugated Polymer Blends”, Nano Letts. 6(6), 1202–1206 (2006). (

29.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “X-ray Spectromicroscopy of Polymer/Fullerene Composites, Quantitative Chemical Mapping”, Small 2(12), 1432–1435 (2006). (

28.    Mitchell, G.E., B.G. Landes, J. Lyons, B.J. Kern, M.J. Devon, I. Koprinarov, E.M. Gullikson, and J.B. Kortright, “Molecular bond selective x-ray scattering for nanoscale analysis of soft matter”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(4), 044101-1–044101-3 (2006). (,

27.    Otero, E., and S.G. Urquhart, “Nitrogen 1s Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy of Amino Acids, Resolving Zwitterionic Effects”, J. Phys. Chem. A 110(44), 12121–12128 (2006). (, 11.0.2)

26.    Sandford,S.A., J. Aléon, C.M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, J. Borg,  J. P. Bradley, D.E. Brownlee, J.R. Brucato, M.J, Burchell, H. Busemann, A. Butterworth, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, L. D'Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, J. P. Dworkin, G. Ferrini, H. Fleckenstein, G. J. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, M. K. Gilles, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, F. Grossemy, C. Jacobsen, L. P. Keller, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, G. Matrajt, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, S. Mostefaoui, L. R. Nittler, M. E. Palumbo, D.A. Papanastassiou, F. Robert, A. Rotundi, C. J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, F.J. Stadermann, A. Steele, T Stephan, P. Tsou, T. Tyliszczak, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, B. Wopenka, H. Yabuta, R. N. Zare, and M. E. Zolensky., “Organics Captured from Comet 81/Wild 2 by the Stardust Spacecraft”, Science 314(5806), 1720–1724 (2006). (11.0.2, 10.3.1,, 1.4.3, 10.3.2)

25.    Si, M., T. Araki, H. Ade, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, R. Fischer, J.C. Sokolov, and M.H. Rafailovich, “Compatibilizing Bulk Polymer Blends by Using Organoclays”,     Macromolecules 39 (14), 4793–4801 (2006). (

24.    Wang, Y., M. Rafailovich, J. Sokolov, D. Gersappe, T. Araki, Y. Zou, A.D.L. Kilcoyne, H. Ade, G. Marom, and A. Lustiger, “Substrate Effect on the Melting Temperature of Thin Polyethylene Films”, Phys. Rev. Letts. 96(2), 028303-1–028303-4 (2006). (

23.    Zou, Y., T. Araki, G. Appel, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, and H. Ade, “Solid state effects in the NEXAFS spectra of alkane-based van der Waals crystals, Breakdown of molecular model”, Chem. Phys. Letts. 430(4-6), 287–292 (2006). (


2005 (12)

22.    Araki, T., A.P. Hitchcock, F. Shen, P.L. Chang, M. Wang, and R.F. Childs, “Quantitative chemical mapping of poly(sodium acrylate-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) enhanced alginate microcapsules”, Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 16(5), 611–627 (2005). (,

21.    Croll, L.M., H.D.H. Stöver, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Composite Tectocapsules containing Porous Polymer Microspheres as Release Gates”, Macromolecules 38(7), 2903–2910 (2005). (

20.    Fu, J., and S.G. Urquhart, “Linear Dichroism in the X-ray Absorption Spectra of Linear n-Alkanes”, J. Phys. Chem. A 109(51), 11724–11732 (2005). (, 11.0.2)

19.    Fujii, S., S., S.P. Armes, T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Direct Imaging and Spectroscopic Characterization of Stimulus-Responsive Microgels”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(48), 16808–16809 (2005). (

18.    Guay, D., J. Stewart-Ornstein, X. Zhang, and A.P. Hitchcock, “In situ spatial and time-resolved studies of electrochemical reactions by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy”, Analytical Chemistry 77(11), 3479–3487 (2005). (

17.    Harton, S.E., T. Koga, F.A. Stevie, T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Investigation of Blend Miscibility of a Ternary PS/PCHMA/PMMA System Using SIMS and Mean-Field Theory”, Macromolecules 38(25), 10511–10515 (2005). (

16.    Hitchcock, A.P., H.D.H. Stöver, L.M. Croll, and R.F. Childs, “Chemical mapping of polymer microstructure using soft X-ray spectromicroscopy”, Australian Journal of Chemistry 58(6), 423–432 (2005).

15.    Hitchcock, A.P., C. Morin, X. Zhang, T. Araki, J. Dynes, H. Stover, J. Brash, J.R. Lawrence, and G.G. Leppard, “Soft X-ray Spectromicroscopy of Biological and Synthetic Polymer Systems”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 144-147(SI), 259–269 (2005). (, 11.0.2)

14.    Muntean, L., R. Planques, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, S.R. Leone, M.K. Gilles, and W.D. Hinsberg, “Chemical mapping of polymer photoresists by scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23(4), 1630–1636 (2005). (, 11.0.2)

13.    Takekoh, R., M. Okubo, T. Araki, H.D.H. Stover, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative chemical mapping of nano-structured "onion-like" poly(methyl methacrylate) / polystyrene composite particles by soft X-ray microscopy”, Macromolecules 38(2), 542–551 (2005). (

12.    Wang, C., T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Soft X-ray Resonant Reflectivity of low Z Material Thin Films”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 87(21), 214109 (2005). (6.3.2,

11.    Wang, J., G. Cooper, D. Tulumello, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner Shell Excitation Spectroscopy of Biphenyl and Substituted Biphenyls, Probing Ring-Ring Delocalization”, J. Phys. Chem. A 109(48), 10886–10896 (2005). (


2004 (3)

10.    Cooper, G., M. Gordon, D. Tulumello, C. Turci, K. Kaznatcheev, A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner Shell Excitation of glycine, clycyl-clycine, alanine and phenylalanine”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 137-140, 795-799 (2004). (

9.      Maria, S.F., L.M. Russell, M.K. Gilles and S.C.B. Myeni, “Organic Aerosol Growth Mechanisms and their Climate-Forcing Implications”, Science 306, 1921-1924 (2004). (

8.      Olynick, D.L., B.D. Harteneck, E. Veklerov, M. Tendulkar, J.A., Liddle, A.L.D. Kilcoyne T. Tyliszczak, “25 nm Mechanically Buttressed High Aspect Ratio Zone Plates, Fabrication and Performance”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22(6), 3186-3190 (2004). (11.0.2,


2003 (6)

7.      Ade, H., A. P. Hitchcock, G. E. Mitchell, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, R. Fink, and T. Warwick, “Applications with the dedicated polymer scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS beamline 5.3.2”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 16(3), 53–59 (2003). (

6.      Croll, L.M., A.P. Hitchcock, I. Koprinarov, D.W. Vanbesien and D. H. Stöver, “Integrating near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) microscopy and crystallography, the effects of molecular order on soft x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 10, 265–268 (2003). (

5.      Gordon, M.L., G. Cooper, T. Araki, C. Morin, C.C. Turci, K. Kaznatcheev and A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner-shell excitation spectroscopy of the peptide bond, comparison of the C 1s, N 1s and O 1s spectra of glycine, glycyl-glycine and glycyl-glycyl-glycine”, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 6144–6159 (2003). (

4.      Kilcoyne, A.L.D., T. Tyliszczak, W. Steele, S. Fakra, P. Hitchcock, K. Franck, E.H. Anderson, B. Harteneck, E.G. Rightor, G.E. Mitchell, A.P. Hitchcock, L. Yang, T. Warwick and H. Ade, “Interferometer controlled scanning transmission x-ray microscopes at the Advanced Light Source”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 10(2), 125–136 (2003). (,, 11.0.2)

3.      Lawrence, J.R., G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, T. Araki, X. Zhang, M.M. West, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Scanning transmission x-ray, laser scanning, and transmission electron microscopy mapping of the exopolymeric matrix of microbial biofilms”, Applied and  Environmental Microbiology 69, 5543–5554 (2003). (

2.      Retzko, I. and W.E S. Unger, “Analysis of carbon materials by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy”, Advanced Engineering Materials 5(7), 519–522 (2003). (,


2002 (1)

1.      T. Warwick, H. Ade, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, M. Kritscher, T. Tylisczcak, S. Fakra, A. Hitchcock, P. Hitchcock and H. Padmore, “A new bend magnet beamline for scanning transmission X-ray microscopy at the Advanced Light Source”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 9(4), 254–257 (2002). (


Refereed Conference Proceedings (11)

11.    Kilcoyne, A.L.D., H. Ade, D. Attwood, A.P. Hitchcock, P. McKean, G.E. Mitchell, P. Moneiro, T. Tyliszczak, and T. Warwick, “A new Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscope at the ALS for operation up to 2500eV,” 1234, 459–462 (2010). [Proceedings of Synchrotron Radiation International 2009, (Melbourne, AU, 09/27/2009-10/02/2009)]. (

10.    De Gregorio, B.T., N.D. Bassim, G.D. Cody, L.R. Nittler, R.M. Stroud, and T.J. Zega, “TEM and STXM observations of organic (and some inorganic) Stardust particles from comet 81P/Wild 2,” 39, 2139 (March 2008). [Proceedings of Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Houston, TX, 3/10/2008-3/14/2008)]. (

9.      De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, L.R. Nittler, A.L. D Kilcoyne, and G.D. Cody, “Cometary "everything cookie": a unique carbonaceous Stardust particle containing various nanoscale particles,” 8(2), 445 (2008). [Proceedings of Astrobiology Science Conference, (Santa Clara, CA, 4/14/2008-4/17/2008)]. (

8.      Hitchcock, A.P., E. Najafi, D. Hernandez Cruz, M. Obst, A. Felten, B. Douhard, and J.J. Pireaux, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy of Individual Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Linear Dichroism and Functionalization Chemistry,” Microsc. Microanal. 14 S-2, 190–191 (2008). [Proceedings of Microscopy and microanalysis 2008, (Albuquerque, NM, 8/3/2008-8/8/2008)]. (

7.      De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, and D.S. Ebel, “Pre- and post-accretionary carbonates in the Renazzo CR chondrite,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72(12 Suppl.), A280–A280 (2008). [Proceedings of Goldschmidt Conference, (Vancouver, Canada, 7/13/2008-7/18/2008)]. (

6.      Watts, B., D. Queen, A.L.D Kilcoyne, T. Tylizsczak, F. Hellman, and H. Ade, “Soft X-ray beam induced current technique,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 2: Letters 186(1), 12023 (2009). [Proceedings of 9th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, (Zuercih, Switzerland, 7/21/2008-7/25/2008)]. (, 11.0.2)

5.      Hitchcock, A.P., J.J. Dynes, G. Johannson, J. Wang, G. Botton, “Comparison of NEXAFS microscopy and TEM-EELS for studies of soft matter”, Micron 39, 741-748 (2008). (

4.      Hitchcock, A.P., G.A. Johansson, G.E. Mitchell, M.H. Keefe and T. Tyliszczak, “3-D Chemical imaging using angle-scan nanotomography in a soft x-ray scanning transmission x-ray microscope”, Appl.Phys. A92, 447-452 (2008). (

3.      Hitchcock, A.P., J.J. Dynes, G.A. Johansson, and J. Wang, “Comparison of NEXAFS microscopy and TEM-EELS for studies of soft matter,” Micron 39, 311–319 (Spring 2008). [Proceedings of Microscopical Society of Canada 2007 Annual Conference, (Edmonton, AB, Canada, 6/12/2007- 6/15/2007)]. (

2.      Hitchcock, A.P., G.A. Johansson, G.E. Mitchell, M.H. Keefe, and T. Tyliszczak, “3-d chemical imaging using angle-scan nanotomography in a soft X-ray scanning transmission X-ray microscope,” Appl. Phys. A–Mater. 92, 447–452 (Summer 2008). [Proceedings of 15th Int. Conf Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics, (Berlin, Germany, 7/29/2007-8/4/2007)]. (

1.      Koike, M., M. Ishino, T. Imazono, K. Sano, H. Sasai, M. Hatayama, H. Takenaka, P.A. Heimann, and E.M. Gullikson, “Development of soft X-ray multilayer laminar-type plane gratings and VLS spherical grating for flat-field spectrograph in the 1-8 keV region,” Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 64, 756–760 (2009). [Proceedings of 19th International Congress on X-Ray Optics and Microanalysis, (Kyoto, Japan, 9/17/2007-9/19/2007)]. (, 6.3.2)


Book, Chapter in a Book, or Article in a Book (4)

4.      Guo, J., in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (,,, 11.0.2,

3.      Moffet, R.C., A.V. Tivansk, and M.K. Gilles, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy: Applications in Atmospheric Aerosol Research,” in Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy, Signorell, R.Reid, J. P., (CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group Boca Raton, 2010), pp.420–462. (, 11.0.2)

2.      Raab, T.K., and D.A. Lipson, “The Rhizosphere: A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root Zone,” in Developments in Soil Science, B. Singh; M. Grafe, Vol. 34, (Elsevier Amsterdam, 2010), pp.171–198. (1.4.3,

1.      Tyliszczak, T., and K.Wei Chou, “Advances in Magnetization Dynamics Using Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy,” in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (11.0.2,



Theses – M. Sc. & PhD. (13)

Caster A. G.

“Investigating Silicon-Based Photoresists with Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering and X-ray Micro-Spectroscopy”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 2010. Advisor, Stephen Leone. (

Chan, C. S.

“Geomicrobiology of iron-oxidizing microbes”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California-Berkeley, California, 2006. Advisor, Jillian F. Banfield. (

Covelli, D.

“X-ray mircroscopy of hydrocarbon-clay interactions”, M.Sc. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2007. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (

Fu, J.

“Linear dichroism in the NEXAFS spectroscopy of N-alkane thin films”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2006. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (

Jiang, H.

“Inner shell excitation spectroscopy of amino acids and small peptides”, M.Sc. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2005. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (

Leung, B. O.

“Protein adsorption to polymer blend films”, Ph. D. Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON / Canada, 2010. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (

Li, L.

“X-ray spectromicroscopy of protein adsorption onto a chemically patterned surface”, Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2006. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (

Morin, C.

"Soft X-Ray Spectromicroscopy of Proteins on Patterned Polymer Films", Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario / Canada, 2004, Advisor Adam P. Hitchcock.(,,

Ortero, E.

“Soft X-ray spectroscopy of organic and organometallic molecules and polymers”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2008. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (

Usov, D.

"Switching of surface composition and morphology of binary polymer brushes", Doctoral dissertation, Technische Universitaet Dresden, Dresden, Germany, 2004, Advisor Prof. Manfred Stamm.(,6.1.2,

Wallis, P.J.

“Abiotic catalysis, The nexus between soil chemistry and catalysis in organic chemistry”, Ph.D. Thesis, Monash University, Australia, 2007. Advisors, Antonio F. Patti, Janet L. Scott, Will P. Gates.  (

Wang, C.

“Resonant soft X-ray reflectivity, A Tool for the Study of Polymer Thin Films”, Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina State University, North Carolina, 2008. Advisor, Harald Ade. (

Wang, J.

“Radiation chemistry studied by soft X-ray microscopy”, Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2008. Advisor, Adam. P. Hitchcock. (



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