5.3.2 Polymer STXM


Now: STXM@

New: STXM@ (Not available until further notice)

Source characteristics

Bend magnet

Energy range

STXM@ 250 - 800 eV (

STXM@ 350 - 2500 eV (


Low-dispersion, spherical-grating monochromators

single grating (

dual grating (

Calculated flux (1.9 GeV, 400 mA)

1 x 107 photons/s at sample

Resolving power (E/ΔE)



Scanning transmission x-ray microscopes: STXM@ - Sample scanning

STXM@ - Sample or Zone plate scanning


Active servo-stabilized toroidal M1 mirror

Spot size at sample (FWHM)

25 nm experimental, 31 nm theoretical using 25 nm Zone plates

Experimental techniques

STXM@ Serves approved program users and general users using the dedicated polymer STXM@ for NEXAFS Spectromicroscopy at the C, N and O K edges and at the Fe 2p edges.

STXM@ Not available


Years of Publication: 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002

Ph.D. Thesis and M.Sc. Thesis




234.    Ahlm, L., K.M. Shakya, L.M. Russell, J.C. Schroder, J.PS. Wong, S.J. Sjostedt, K.L. Hayden, J. Liggio, J.JB. Wentzell, H.A. Wiebe, C. Mihele, W.R. Leaitch, and A.M. Macdonald, "Temperature-dependent accumulation mode particle and cloud nuclei concentrations from biogenic sources during WACS 2010," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 3393-3407 (2013). (


233,    Ault, A.P., R.C. Moffet, J. Baltrusaitis, D. Collins, M. Ruppel, L.A. Cuadra-Rodriguez, D. Zhao, T. Guasco, C. Ebben, F.M. Geiger, T. Bertram, K. Prather, and V.H. Grassian, "Size-Dependent Changes in Sea Spray Aerosol Composition and Properties with Different Seawater Conditions," Environmental Science and Technology 47(11), 5603-5612 (2013). (,11.0.2)


232.    Berejnov, V., D. Susac, J. Stumper, and A.P. Hitchcock, "3D Chemical Mapping of PEM Fuel Cell Cathodes by Scanning Transmission Soft X-ray Spectrotomography," ECS Transactions 50(2), 361-368 (2012). (


231.    Chae, S.R., J. Moon, S. Yoon, S. Bae, P. Levitz, R.P. Winarski, and P.J.M. Monteiro, "Advanced Nanoscale Characterization of Cement Based Materials Using X-Ray Synchrotron Radiation: A Review," International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials 7(2), 95-110 (2013). (12.3.2,,,12.2.2)


230.    Chueh, W.C., F. El Gabaly, J.D. Sugar, N.C. Bartelt, A.H. McDaniel, K.R. Fenton, K.R. Zavadil, T. Tyliszczak, W. Lai, and K.F. McCarty, "Intercalation Pathway in Many-Particle LiFePO4 Electrode Revealed by Nanoscale State-of-Charge Mapping," Nano Letters 13(3), 866-872 (2013). (,11.0.2)


229.    Cochran, J.E., E. Amir, K. Sivanandan, S. Ku, J.H. Seo, B.A. Collins, J.R. Tumbleston, M.F. Toney, H.W. Ade, C.J. Hawker, and M.L. Chabinyc, "Synthesis, Solid-State, and Charge-Transport Properties of Conjugated Polythiophene-S,S-dioxides," Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics 51(1), 48-56 (2013). (


228.     Collins, B.A., Z. Li, J.R. Tumbleston, E. Gann, C.R. McNeill, and H. Ade, "Absolute Measurement of Domain Composition and Nanoscale Size Distribution Explains Performance in PTB7:PC71BM Solar Cells", Advanced Energy Marterials, 3, 65-74 (2013) (,7.3.3,


227,   De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, L. Nittler, C.M. O'D. Alexander, N. Bassim, G.D. Cody, A.L. Kilcoyne, S.A. Sandford, S. Milam, M. Nuevo, and T. Zega, "Isotopic and chemical variation of organic nanoglobules in primitive meteorites," Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48(5), 904-928 (2013). (


226.   Hiranuma, N., S.D. Brooks, R.C. Moffet, A. Glen, A. Laskin, M.K. Gilles, P. Liu, A.M. Macdonald, J.W. Strapp, and G.M. McFarquhar, "Chemical characterization of individual particles and residuals of cloud droplets and ice crystals collected on board research aircraft in the ISDAC 2008 study," Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(12), 6564-6579 (2013). (,11.0.2)


225.   Holmes, N., K. Burke, P. Sista, M. Barr, M. Stefan, A.L. Kilcoyne, X. Zhou, P. Dastoor, and W.J. Belcher, "Nano-domain behaviour in P3HT:PCBM nanoparticles, relating material properties to morphological changes," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 117, 437-445 (2013). (


224.   Jackson, M.D., S.R. Chae, S.R. Mulcahy, C. Meral, R. Taylor, P. LI, J. Moon, S. Yoon, A.H. Emwas, G. Vola, H. Wenk, and P. Monteiro, "Unlocking the secrets of Al-tobermorite in Roman seawater concrete," American Mineralogist 98(10), 1669-1687 (2013). (,,12.2.2)


223.   Kebukawa, Y., A.L. Kilcoyne, and G.D. Cody, "Exploring the potential formation of organic solids in chondrites and comets through polymerization of interstellar formaldehyde," The Astrophysical Journal 771(1), 19 (2013). (


222.   Kelly, S.T., P.A. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S.R. Leone, and M.K. Gilles, "An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor," Review of Scientific Instruments 84(7), 073708 (2013). (11.0.2,


221.    Kumar, S., M.D. Pickett, J. Strachan, G. Gibson, Y. Nishi, and R.S. Williams, "Local Temperature Redistribution and Structural Transition During Joule-Heating-Driven Conductance Switching in VO2," Advanced Materials 25(42), 6128-6132 (2013). (11.0.2,


220.    Le Guillou, C., L. Remusat, S. Bernard, A. J. Brearley, and H. Leroux, "Amorphization and D/H fractionation of kerogens during experimental electron irradiation: Comparison with chondritic organic matter," Icarus 226(1), 101-110 (2013). (


219.    Leontowich, A.F.G., and A.P. Hitchcock, "Fabrication of sealed nanofluidic channels using site-selective direct write (maskless) x-ray lithography," Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 15(4), 509-518 (2013). (


218.    Liu, F., Y. Gu, X. Shen, S. Ferdous, H-W. Wang, and T.P. Russell, "Characterization of the Morphology of Solution-Processed Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaics," Progress in Polymer Science 38(12), 1990-2052 (2013). (,7.3.3,


217.    Liu, F., C. Wang, J.K. Baral, L. Zhang, J.J. Watkins, A.L. Briseno, and T.P. Russell, "Relating Chemical Structure to Device Performance via Morphology Control in Diketopyrrolopyrrole-Based Low Band Gap Polymers," Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(51), 19248-19259 (2013). (,,7.3.3)


216.     Ma, W., J.R. Tumbleston, M. Wang, E. Gann, F. Huang, and H. Ade, "Domain Purity, Miscibility, and Molecular Orientation at Donor/Acceptor Interfaces in High Performance Organic Solar Cells: Paths to Further Improvement," Advanced Energy Materials 3(7), 864-872 (2013). (,7.3.3,


215.    Ma, W., L. Ye, S. Zhang, J. Hou, and H.W. Ade, "Competition between morphological attributes in the thermal annealing and additive processing of polymer solar cells," Journal of Materials Chemistry C 1, 5023-5030 (2013). (,7.3.3,


214.     McNeill, C.R., and H. Ade, "Soft X-ray characterization of organic semiconductor films", Journal of Materials Chemistry, C 1, 187-201 (2013). (,, 6.3.2)


213.     Moffet, R.C., T.C. Roedel, S.T. Kelly, X.Y. Yu, G.T. Carroll, J. Fast, R.A. Zaveri, A. Laskin, and M.K. Gilles, "Spectro-microscopic measurements of carbonaceous aerosol aging in Central California," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 10445-10459 (2013). (,11.0.2)


212.    Monteiro, P.J.M., L. Clodic, F. Battocchio, S.R. Kanitpanyacharoen, J. Ha, and H. Wenk, "Incorporating carbon sequestration materials in civil infrastructure: A micro and nano-structural analysis," Cement and Concrete Composites 40, 14-20 (2013). (,


211.    Prather, K., T. Bertram, V.H. Grassian, G.B. Deane, M.D. Stokes, P.J. DeMott, L.I. Aluwihare, B.P. Palenik, F. Azam, J.H. Seinfeld, R.C. Moffet, M. Molina, C. Cappa, F.M. Geiger, G. Roberts, L.M. Russell, A.P. Ault, J. Baltrusaitis, D. Collins, C.E. Corrigan, L.A. Cuadra-Rodriguez, C. Ebben, S.D. Forestieri, T. Guasco, S.P. Hersy, M. Kim, W. Lambert, R. Modini, W. Mui, B. Pedler, M. Ruppel, O.S. Ryder, N. Schoepp, R.C. Sullivan, and D. Zhao, "Bringing the ocean into the laboratory to probe the chemical complexity of sea spray aerosol," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(19), 7550-7555 (2013). (,11.0.2)


210.     Shakya, K.M., S. Liu, S. Takahama, L.M. Russell, M.M. Galloway, J.E. Shilling, N. Hiranuma, C. Song, H. Kim, S.E. Paulson, L. Pfaffenberger, P. Barmet, J. Slowik, A.S.H. Prevot, J. Dommen, and U. Baltensperger, "Similarities in STXM-NEXAFS Spectra of Atmospheric Particles and Secondary Organic Aerosol Generated from Glyoxal, α-Pinene, Isoprene, 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene, and d-Limonene," Aerosol Science and Technology 47(5), 543-555 (2013). (


209.    Shimizu, M., J. Zhou, C. Schröder, M. Obst, A. Kappler, and T. Borch, "Dissimilatory Reduction and Transformation of Ferrihydrite-Humic

Acid Coprecipitates," Environmental Science and Technology 47, 13375-13384 (2013). (11.0.2,


208.    Strachan, J., J.J. Yang, L.A. Montoro, C.A. Ospina, A.J. Ramirez, A.L. Kilcoyne, G. Medeiros-Ribeiro, and R.S. Williams, "Characterization of electroforming-free titanium dioxide memristors," Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 4(1), 467-473 (2013). (


207.     Stuart, A.C., J.R. Tumbleston,, H. Zhou, W. Li, S. Liu, H. Ade, and W. You, "Fluorine Substituents Reduce Charge Recombination and Drive Structure and Morphology Development in Polymer Solar Cells," Journal of the American Chemical Society 135(5), 1806-1815 (2013). (,,7.3.3)


206.     Susac, D., V. Berejnov, A.P. Hitchcock, and J. Stumper, "STXM Characterization of PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layers," ECS Transactions 50, 405-413 (2012). [Proceedings of 221 Electrochemical Society Conference, (Honolulu, USA , 2012)]. (


205.     Takahama, S., A. Johnson, J. Guzman Morales, L.M. Russell, R. Duran, G. Rodriguez, J. Zheng, R. Zhang, D. Toom-Sauntry, and W.R. Leaitch, "Submicron organic aerosol in Tijuana, Mexico, from local and Southern California sources during the CalMex campaign," Atmospheric Environment 70C, 500-512 (2013). (


204.    Thieme, J., D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, and K. Haselwandter, "Spatially resolved NEXAFS spectroscopy of siderophores in biological matrices," Journal of Physics: Conference Series 463, 012037-012042 (2013). [Proceedings of 11th International Conference on X-ray Microscopy (XRM2012), (Shanghai, 2012)]. (,11.0.2)


203.    Tumbleston, J.R., A.C. Stuart, E. Gann, W. You, and H.W. Ade, "Fluorinated Polymer Yields High Organic Solar Cell Performance for a Wide Range of Morphologies," Advanced Functional Materials 23(27), 3463-3470 (2013). (,7.3.3,


202.    Tumbleston, J.R., A.D. Gadisa, Y. Liu, B.A. Collins, E. Thaddeus, R. Lopez, and H.W. Ade, "Modifications in Morphology Resulting from Nanoimprinting Bulk Heterojunction Blends for Light Trapping Organic Solar Cell Designs," ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 5(16), 8225-8230 (2013). (,7.3.3)


201.     Ulum, S., N. Holmes, D. Darwis, K. Burke, D. Kilcoyne, X. Zhou, W. Belcher, and P. Dastoor, "Determining the Structural Motif of P3HT:PCBM Nanoparticulate Organic Photovoltaic Devices," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 110, 43-48 (2013). (


  1. Yan, H., C. Wang, A.R. McCarn, and H. Ade, "Accurate and Facile Determination of the Index of Refraction of Organic Thin Films Near the Carbon 1s Absorption Edge," Physical Review Letters 110(17), 177401 (2013). (6.3.2,,




2012 (33)


199.     Bassim, N.D., B.T. De Gregorio, A.L D. Kilcoyne, K. Scott, T. Chou, S. Wirick, G. Cody, and R.M. Stroud, "Minimizing Damage During FIB Sample Preparation of Soft Materials," Journal of Microscopy 245(3), 288-301 (2012). (


198.     Berejnov, V., Z. Martin, M.M. West, S. Kundu, D. Bessarabov, J. Stumper, D. Susac, and A.P. Hitchcock, "Probing platinum degradation in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy", Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 14, 4835-4843 (2012). (


197.     Bernard,S.,  B. Horsfield, H-M. Schulz, R. Wirth, A. Schreiber, N. Sherwood, “Geochemical evolution of organic-rich shales with increasing maturity: A STXM

and TEM study of the Posidonia Shale (Lower Toarcian, northern Germany)”, Marine and Petroleum Geology 31, 70-89, (2012). (


196.     Bernard, S., R. Wirth, A. Schreiber, H-M. Schulz, and B. Horsfield, "Formation of nanoporous pyrobitumen residues during maturation of the Barnett Shale (Fort Worth Basin)," International Journal of Coal Geology 103, 3-11 (2012). (


195.     Burke, K.B., E.J. Luber, N.P. Holmes, A.J. Murray, W.J. Belcher, X. Zhou, D. Mitlin, and P.C. Dastoor, "A knife-edge measurement of the beam profile of STXM using a focussed ion beam milled metallic glass," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 185(11), 453-457 (2012). (


194.     Collins, B.A., and H.W. Ade, "Quantitative compositional analysis of organic thin films using transmission NEXAFS spectroscopy in an X-ray microscope", Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 185(5-7), 119-128 (2012). (


193.     Collins, B.A., J.E. Cochran, H. Yan, E. Gann, C. Hub, R. Fink, C. Wang, T. Schuettfort, C.R. Neill, M.L. Chabinyc, and H.W. Ade, "Polarized X-ray scattering reveals non-crystalline orientational ordering in organic films," Nature Materials 11, 536-543 (2012). (, 7.3.3,


192.     Cooling, N., X. Zhou, T.A. Sales, S.E. Sauer, S.J. Lind, K.C. Gordon, T.W. Jones, P.C. Dastoor, and W.J. Belcher, "A study of the factors influencing the performance of ternary MEH-PPV:porphyrin:PCBM heterojunction devices: electronic effects in porphyrinoid ternary blend bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices", Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 98, 308-316 (2012). (


191.     Couradeau, E., K. Benzerara, E. Gerard, D. Moreira, S. Bernard, G.E. Brown, Jr, and P Lopez-Garcia, "An early-branching microbialite cyanobacterium forms intracellular carbonates", Science 336(6080), 459-462 (2012). (11.0.2,


190.     Ha, J., S. Chae, K.W. Chou, T. Tyliszczak, and P.J.M. Monteiro, "Effect of polymers on the nanostructure and on the carbonation of calcium silicate hydrates: a scanning transmission X-ray microscopy study," Journal of Materials Science 47, 976-989 (2012). (11.0.2,,


189.     Hitchcock, A.P., B.O. Leung, J.L. Brash, A. Scholl, and A. Doran, "Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy of protein interactions with phase segregated polymer surfaces", in Proteins at Interfaces III State of the Art, T. Horbett, J.L. Brash, W. Norde, (American Chemical Society Washington, DC, 2012), pp.732-760. (,


188.     Keiluweit, M., J.J. Bougoure, L.H. Zeglin, D.D. Myrold, P.K. Weber, J. Pett-Ridge, M. Kleber, and P.S. Nico, "Nano-scale investigation of the association of microbial nitrogen residues with iron (hydr)oxides in a forest soil O-horizon ," Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 95, 213-226 (2012). (,11.0.2)


187.     Kurihara, H., H. Yabuta, T. Kaneko, Y. Obayashi, Y. Takano, and K. Kobayashi, "Characterization of organic aggregates formed by heating products of simulated primitive Earth atmosphere experiments," Chemistry Letters 41, 441-443 (2012). (


186.     Laskin, A., R.C. Moffet, M.K. Gilles, J.D. Fast, R.A. Zaveri, B. Wang, P.A. Nigge, and J. Shutthanandan, "Tropospheric chemistry of internally mixed sea salt and organic particles: Surprising reactivity of NaCl with weak organic acids," Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, D15302 (2012). (,11.0.2)


185.     Leontowich, A.F.G., and A.P. Hitchcock, "Experimental investigation of beam heating in a soft X-ray scanning transmission X-ray microscope," Analyst 137(2), 370-375 (2012). (


184.     Leontowich, A.FG., A.P. Hitchcock, T. Tyliszczak, M. Wiegand, J. Wang, and C. Karunakaran, "Accurate dosimetry in scanning transmission X-ray microscopes via the cross-linking threshold dose of poly(methyl methacrylate)", Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 19, 976-987 (2012). (,11.0.2)


183.     Leontowich, A.FG., and A.P. Hitchcock, "Secondary electron deposition mechanism of carbon contamination", Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelect. & Nanometer Structures 30(3), 030601-1-030601-3 (2012). (


182.     Leontowich, A.FG., and A.P. Hitchcock, "Zone plate focused soft X-ray lithography for fabrication of nanofluidic devices", in Alternative Lithographic Technologies IV and Direct-Write Mask-Less Lithography, W.M. Tong, Vol. 8323, (SPIE , 2012), pp.D-1-D-11. [Proceedings of Alternative Lithographic Technologies IV, (San Jose, CA, 00/00/00-00/00/00)]. (


181.     Leung, B.O., A.P. Hitchcock, R.M. Cornelius, J.L. Brash, A. Scholl, and A. Doran, "Using X-PEEM to study biomaterials: protein and peptide adsorption to a polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate)-b-polyacrylic acid blend," Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 185, 406-416 (2012). (11.0.2,


180.     Liu, F., Y. Gu, J.W. Jung, W.H. Jo, and T.P. Russell, "On the morphology of polymer-based photovoltaics," Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics 50(15), 1018 (2012). (, 7.3.3,


179.     Liu, S., L. Ahlm, D.A. Day, L.M. Russell, Y.L. Zhao, D.R. Gentner, R.J. Weber, A.H. Goldstein, M. Jaoui, J.H. Offenberg, T.E. Kleindienst, C. Rubitschun, J.D. Surratt, R.J. Sheesley, and S. Scheller, "Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from Fossil Fuel Sources Contribute Majority of Summertime Organic Mass at Bakersfield," Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, D00V26 (2012). (


178.     Liu, S., J.E. Shilling, C. Song, N. Hiranuma, R.A. Zaveri, and L.M. Russell, "Hydrolysis of organonitrate functional groups in aerosol particles," Aerosol Science and Technology 46(12), 1359-1369 (2012). (


177.     Moffet, R.C., H. Furutani, T. Roedel, T.R. Henn, P.O. Sprau, A. Laskin, M. Uematsu, and M.K. Gilles, "Iron speciation and mixing in single aerosol particles from the Asian continental outflow", Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, D07204 (2012). (, 11.0.2)


176.     Pöhlker, C., K.T. Wiedmann, B. Sinha, M. Shiraiwa, S.S. Gunthe, M. Smith, H. Su, P. Artaxo, Q. Chen, W. Elbert, M.K. Gilles, A. Kilcoyne, R.C. Moffet, M. Weigand, S.T. Martin, U. Poschl, and M.O. Andreae, "Biogenic Potassium Salt Particles as Seeds for Secondary Organic Aerosol in the Amazon," Science 337(6098), 1075-1078 (2012). (, 11.0.2)


175.     Remusat, L., P-J. Hatton, P.S. Nico, B. Zeller, M. Kleber, and D. Derrien, "NanoSIMS Study of Organic Matter Associated with Soil Aggregates: Advantages, Limitations, and Combination with STXM", Environmental Science and Technology 46(7), 3943-3949 (2012). (


174.     Rossouw, D., G.A. Botton, E. Najafi, V. Lee, and A.P. Hitchcock, "Metallic and Semiconducting Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Differentiation individual SWCNT by their Carbon 1s Spectra", ACS Nano 6(12), 10965-10972 (2012). (


173.     Stapleton, A., B. Vaughan, B. Xue, E. Sesa, K. Burke, X. Zhou, G. Bryant, O. Werzer, A. Nelson, A.L. Kilcoyne, L. Thomsen, E. Wanless, W. Belcher, and P. Dastoor, "A Multilayered Approach to Polyfluorene Water-Based Organic Photovoltaics?, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 102, 114-124 (2012). (


172.     Wang, B., A. Laskin, T. Roedel, M.K. Gilles, A.V. Tivanski, and D.A. Knopf, "Heterogeneous ice nucleation and water uptake by field-collected atmospheric particles below 273 K", Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 117, D00V19 (2012). (, 11.0.2)


171.     Watts, B., and H. Ade, "NEXAFS imaging of synthetic organic materials", Materials Today 15(4), 148-157 (2012). (,


170.     Yan, H., B.A. Collins, G. Eliot, C. Wang, H.W. Ade, and C.R. McNeill, "Correlating the Efficiency and Nanomorphology of Polymer Blend Solar Cells Utilizing Resonant Soft X-ray Scattering", ACS Nano 6(1), 677 (2012). (, 7.3.3,


169.     Yang, L., J.R. Tumbleston, H. Zhou, H. Ade, and W. You, "Disentangling the impact of side chains and fluorine substituents of conjugated donor polymers on the performance of photovoltaic blends”, Energy and Environmental Science 6(1), 316-326 (2012). (7.3.3,,


168.     Ye, L., S. Zhang, W. Ma, B. Fan, X. Guo, Y. Huang, and H. Ade, "From Binary to Ternary Solvent: Morphology Fine-tuning of D/A Blends in PDPP3T-based Polymer Solar Cells", Advanced Materials 24(47), 6335-6341 (2012). (, 7.3.3,


167.     Zaveri, R.A., W.J. Shaw, D.J. Cziczo, R.A. Ferrare, M.L. Alexander, M. Alexandrov, R.J. Alvarez, W.P. Arnott, D.B. Atkinson, S. Baidar, R.M. Banta, J.C. Barnard, J. Beranek, L.K. Berg, F. Brechtel, W.A. Brewer, J.F. Cahill, B. Cairns, C.D. Cappa, D. Chand, S. China, J.M. Comstock, M.K. Dubey, R.C. Easter, M.H. Erikson, J.D. Fast, C. Floerchinger, B.A. Flowers, E. Fortner, J.S. Gaffney, M.K. Gilles, K. Gorkowski, W.I. Gustafson, M. Gyawali, J. Hair, R.M. Hardesty, J.M. Harworth, S. Herndon, N. Hiranuma, C. Hostetler, J.M. Hubbe, J.t. Jayne, H. Jeong, B.T. Jobson, E.I. Kassianov, L.I. Kleinman, C. Kluzek, B. Knighton, K.R. Kolesar, C. Kuang, A. Kubatova, A.O. Langford, A. Laskin, N. Laulainen, R.D. Marchbanks, C. Mazzoleni, F. Mei, R.C. Moffet, D. Nelson, M.D. Obland, B. Oetjen, T.B. Onasch, I. Ortega, M. Ottaviani, M. Pekour, K.A. Prather, J.G. Radney, R.R. Rogers, S.P. Sandberg, A. Sedlacek, C.J. Senff, G. Senum, A. Setyan, J.E. Shilling, M. Shrivastava, C. Song, S.R. Springston, B. Subramanian, K. Suski, J. Tomlinson, R. Volkamer, H.W. Wallace, J. Wang, A.M. Wickmann, D.R. Worsnop, X.Y. Yu, A. Zelenyuk, and Q. Zhang, "Overview of the 2010 Carbonaceous Aerosols and Radiative Effects Study (CARES)", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 7647-7687 (2012). (11.0.2,




2011 (28)


166.     Burke, K.B., A.J. Stapleton, B. Vaughan, X. Zhou, A.L. Kilcoyne, W.J. Belcher, and P.C. Dastoor, "Scanning transmission x-ray microscopy of polymer nanoparticles: probing morphology on sub-10 nm length scales," Nanotechnology 22(26), 265710 (2011). (

165.     Chan, C..S., S.C. Fakra, D. Emerson, E.J. Flenanomming and K. Edwards, "Lithotrophic iron-oxidizing bacteria produce organic stalks to control mineral growth: implications for biosignature formation," The ISME Journal 5(4), 717-727 (2011). (11.0.2,

164.     Cody, G.D., N.S. Gupta, D.E.G. Briggs, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, R.E. Summons, F. Kenig, R.E. Plotnick and A.C. Scott, “Molecular signature of chitin-protein complex in Paleozoic arthropods”, Geology 39(3), 255-258 (2011). (

163.     Cody, G.D., E. Heying, C.M.O’D. Alexander, L.R. Nittler, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, S.A. Sandford and R.M. Stroud, “Cosmochemistry Special Feature: Establishing a molecular relationship between chondritic and cometary organic solids”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 1-6 (2011).(

162.     Collins, B.A., Z. Li, C.R. McNeill and H. Ade, “Fullerene-Dependent Miscibility  in the Silole-Containing Copolymer PSBTBT-08”, Macromolecules 44(24), 9747-9751 (2011). (, 7.3.3).

161.     Collins, B.A., J.R. Tumbleston, and H. Ade, “Miscibility, crystallinity, and phase development in P3HT:PCBM solar cells: Towards and enlightened understanding of device morphology and stability”, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2(24) 3135-3145 (2011). (

160.    Cook, P. J., T. H. Shen, P. J. Grundy, M.-Y. Im, P. Fischer, S. A. Morton and A. L. D. Kilcoyne, “Focused ion beam patterned Fe thin films: A study by selective area Stokes polarimetry and soft x-ray microscopy”, Journal of Applied Physics 109(6), 063917-1-063917-5 (2011). (6.1.2,


159.     Cooling, N., K.B. Burke, X. Zhou, S.J. Lind, K.C. Gordon, T.W. Jones, P.C. Dastoor, and W.J. Belcher, "A study of the factors influencing the performance of ternary MEH-PPV:Porphyrin:PCBM heterojunction devices: a steric approach to controlling charge recombination," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 95(7), 1767-1774 (2011). (


158.     De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, G.D. Cody, L.R. Nittler, A.L.D. Kilcoyme, and S. Wirick, “ Correlated microanalysis of cometary organic grain returned by Stardust”, Meteorites & Planetary Science”, 46(9), 1376-1396 (2011). (


157.    Ghorai, S., A. Laskin, and A.V. Tivanski, "Spectroscopic Evidence of Keto-Enol Tautomerism in Deliquesced Malonic Acid Particles", Journal of Physical Chemistry A 115(17), 4373-4380 (2011). (


156.    Herd, C.D. K., A. Blinova, D.N. Simkus, Y. Huang, R. Tarozo, C.M. O'D Alexander, F. Gyngard, L.R. Nittler, G.D. Cody, Y. Kebukawa, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, R.W. Hilts, G.F. Slater, D.P. Glavin, J.P. Dworkin, M.P. Callahan, J.E. Elsila, B.T. DeGregorio, and R.M. Stroud, "Origin and Evolution of Prebiotic Organic Matter as Inferred from the Tagish Lake Meteorite," Science 332(6035), 1304-1307 (2011). (


155.     Kleber, M., P S. Nico, A. Plante, T. Filley, M. Kramer, C. Swanston and P. Sollins, “Old and stable soil organic matter is not necessarily chemically recalcitrant: implications for modeling concepts and temperature sensitivity”, Global Change Biology 17(2), 1097-1107, (2011). (, 11.0.2)


154.    Lawrence, J.R., and A.P. Hitchcock, "Synchrotron-based X-ray and FTIR absorption spectromicroscopies of organic contaminants in the environment," in Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Environmental Systems, B.N. Xing, N. Senesi, and P.M. Huang , (John Wiley & Sons New York, 2011), pp.341-368. (, 11.0.2)


153.     Leontowich, A.F.G. and A.P. Hitchcock, " Zone Plate Focused Soft X-ray Lithography," Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing 103(1), 1-11 (2011). (11.0.2,


152.     Leontowich, A.F.G., T. Tyliszczak and A.P. Hitchcock, “Measurement of the point spread function of a soft X-ray microscope by single pixel exposure of photoresists”, Proceedings of SPIE 8077, 80770N-1 -80770N-8 (2011).  (


151.    Leung, B.O., A.P. Hitchcock, A. Won, A. Ianoul, and A. Scholl, "Imaging Interactions of Cationic Antimicrobial Peptides with Model Lipid Membranes using X-ray Spectromicroscopy," European Biophysical Journal 40(6), 805-810 (2011). (,


150.    Liu, S., D. Day, J.E. Shields, and L.M. Russell, "Ozone-driven daytime formation of secondary carboxylic acid groups and alkane groups," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11(3), 8321-8341 (2011). (


149.     Martin, Z., I. Jiminez, M.A. Gomez-Fatou, M.M. West and A.P. Hitchcock, "Interfacial Interactions in Polypropylene-Organoclay-Elastomer nanocomposites: influence of polar modifications on the location of the clay," Macromolecules 44(7), 2179-2189 (2011). (


148.     Mitchell, G.E., B. Mickols, D. Hernandez-Cruz, and A.P. Hitchcock, "Unexpected new phase detected in FT30 type reverse osmosis membranes using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy," Polymer 52(18), 3956-3962 (2011) (


147.     Moore, M.J.K., H. Furutani, G.C. Roberts, R.C. Moffet, M.K. Gilles, B. Palenik, and K.A. Prather, “ Effect of organic compounds on cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) activity of sea spray aerosol produced by bubble bursting”, Atmospheric Environment, 45(39), 7462-7469 (2011). (


146.    Nuevo, M., S.N. Milam, S.A. Sandford, B.T. De Greogrio, G.D. Cody, and A.L D. Kilcoyne, "XANES analysis of organic residues produced from the UV irradiation of astrophysical ice analogs," Advances in Space Research 48(6), 1126-1135 (2011). (


145.     Papineau, D., B.T. De Gregorio, G.D. Cody, J. O'Neil, A. Steele, R.M. Stroud, and M.L. Fogel, "Young poorly crystalline graphite in the >3.8-Gyr-old Nuvvuagittuq banded iron formation," Nature Geoscience 4(6), 376-379 (2011). (


144.     Pauzauskie, P.J., J.C. Crowhurst, M.A. Worsley, T.A. Laurence, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, Y. Wang, T.M. Willey, K.S. Visbeck, S.C. Fakra, W.J. Evans, J.M. Zaug, and J.H. Satcher, Jr., "Synthesis and characterization of a nanocrystalline diamond aerogel," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108(21), 8550-8553 (2011). (, 10.3.2)


143.     Strachan, J.P., D.B. Strukov, J. Borghetti, J.J. Yang, G. Medeiros-Roberio, and R.S. Williams, "The switching location of a bipolar memristor: chemical, thermal and structural mapping," Nanotechnology 22(25), 254015-1- (2011). (


142.    Susac, D., V. Berenjov, A.P. Hitchcock, and J. Stumper, “STXM Study of the Ionomer Distribution in PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Layers”, ECS Transactions 41, 629-635 (2011). (


141.    Takahama, S.., R.E. Schwartz, L.M. Russell, A.M. Macdonald, S. Sharma, and W.R. Leaitch, "Organic functional groups in aerosol particles from burning and non-burning forest emissions at a high-elevation mountain site," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11(13), 6367-6386 (2011). (


140.     Watts, B., T. Schuettfort, and C.R. McNeill, "Mapping of Domain Orientation and Molecular Order in Polycrystalline Semiconducting Polymer Films with Soft X-Ray Microscopy", Advanced Functional Materials 21(6), 1122-1131 (2011). (


139.     Zhang, W., M. Lin, A. Winesett, O. Dhez, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, H. Ade, M. Rubinstein, K. V. P. M. Shafi, A. Ulman, D. Gersappe, R. Tenne, M. Rafailovich, J. Sokolov and H. L. Frisch, "The use of functionalized nanoparticles as non-specific compatibilizers for polymer blends”, Polymers Advanced Technologies 22(1), 65-71 (2010). (



2010 (40)


138.     Bahadur, R., L.M. Russell and K. Prather, “Composition and morphology of individual combustion, biomass burning, and secondary organic particle types obtained using urban and coastal ATOFMS and STXM-NEXAFS measurements”, Aerosol Science and Technology 44, 551-562 (2010). (


137.    Caster, A.G., S. Kowarik, A.M. Schwartzberg,  and S.R. Leone, A. Tivanski and M.G. Gilles, “Quantifying reaction spread and x-ray exposure sensitivity in hydrogen silsesquioxane latent resist patterns with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B28(6), 1304-1313 (2010). (


136.     Collins, B., A. E. Gann, L. Guignard, X. He, C.R. McNeill and H. Ade, “Molecular miscibility of polymer-fullerene blends”, J. Phys.Chem.Letts. 1, 3160-3166 (2010). (


135.    De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, L.R. Nittler, C. Alexander, A. Kilcoyne, and T. Zega, “Isotopic anomalies in organic nanoglobules from Comet 81P/Wild 2, comparison to Murchison nanoglobules and isotopic anomalies induced in terrestrial organics by electron irradiation”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 4454 (2010). (


134.    Felten, A., X. Gillon, M. Gulas, J.J. Pireaux, X.X. Ke, G. Van Tendeloo, C. Bittencourt, E. Najafi and A.P. Hitchcock, “Measuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using Polarization-Dependent X-ray Microscopy”, ACS Nano 4(8), 4431-4436 (2010). (


133.    Ghorai, S. and A.V. Tivanski, “Hygroscopic behavior of individual submicrometer particles studied by X-ray spectromicroscopy,” Analytical Chemistry 82(22), 9289–9298 (2010). (


132.    Guo, Jinghua., in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (,,,11.0.2)


131.    Hawkins, L.N. and L.M. Russell, “Polysaccharides, proteins, and phytoplankton fragments, four chemically distinct types of marine primary organic aerosol classified by single particle spectromicroscopy”, Advances in Meteorology 2010, A612132 (2010). (


130.    Hawkins, L. N., L. M. Russell, D. S. Covert, P. K. Quinn, and T. S. Bates, “Carboxylic acids, sulfates, and organosulfates in processed continental organic aerosol over the southeast Pacific Ocean during VOCALS-REx 2008”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 115, 1-16 (2010). (


129.    Hitchcock, A.P., J. Wang, and M. Obst, "3-d chemical imaging with STXM spectro-tomography," Microscopy and Microanalysis 16 (S2), 850-851 (2010). (


128.    Keiluweit, M., P.S. Nico, M.G. Johnson and M. Kleber, “Dynamic molecular structure of plant biomass-derived black carbon (Biochar)”, Environmental Science and Technology 44, 1247-1253 (2010). (


127.    Knopf, D.A., B. Wang, A. Laskin, R.C. Moffet, and M.K. Gilles, “Heterogeneous nucleation of ice on anthropogenic organic particles collected in Mexico City”, Geophysical Research Letters 37, L11803 (2010). (, 11.0.2)


126.    Kowarik, S., K. Broch, A. Hinderhofer, A. Schwartzberg, J. P. Ossó, D. Kilcoyne, F. Schreiber and S.R. Leone, “Crystal grain orientation in organic homo- and heteroepitaxy of pentacene and perfluropentacene studied with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Physical Chemistry C114, 13061-13067 (2010). (


125.    Leung, B.O., J.L. Brash, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Characterization of biomaterials by soft X-ray spectromicroscopy,” Materials 3(7), 3911–39138 (2010). (7.3.1,,


124.    Leung, B.O., A.P. Hitchcock, J.L. Brash, A. Scholl, and A. Doran, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of protein adsorption to polystyrene-polyethylene oxide blend”, Langmuir  26, 14759-14765 (2010). (7.3.1,


123.    Leung, B. O., J. Wang, J.L. Brash and A.P. Hitchcock, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of albumin adsorption to cross-linked polyethylene oxide films”, Advanced Engineering Materials 12, B133-B138 (2010). (7.3.1,


122.    Li, J., A.P. Hitchcock and H.D.H. Stover, “Pickering Emulsion Templated Interfacial Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization for Microencapsulation,” Langmuir 26(23), 17926–17935 (2010). (


121.    Martín, Z., I. Jiménez, M. Ángeles Gómez, H. Ade and D. A. Kilcoyne, “Interfacial interactions in PP/MMT/SEBS nanocomposites”, Macromolecules 43, 448–453 (2010). (


120.    McNeill, C.R., K. Asadi, B. Watts, P.WM. Blom and D.M. de Leeuw, “Structure of phase-separated ferroelectric/semiconducting polymer blends for organic non-volatile memories”, Small 6(4), 508-512 (2010). (


119.    Moffet, R.C., T. R. Henn, A. V. Tivanski, R. J. Hopkins, Y. Desyaterik, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, J. Fast, J. Barnard, V. Shutthanandan, S. S. Cliff, K. D. Perry, A. Laskin and M. K. Gilles, “Microscopic characterization of carbonaceous aerosol particle aging in the outflow from Mexico City”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 961-976 (2010). (, 11.0.2)


118.    Moffet, R.C., A.V. Tivanski, and M.K. Gilles, "Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy: Applications in Atmospheric Aerosol Research," in Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy, Signorell, R. Reid, J. P., (CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group Boca Raton, 2010), pp.420-462. (,11.0.2)


117.     Moffet, R.C., T. Henn, A. Laskin and M.K. Gilles, “Automated Chemical Analysis of Internally Mixed Aerosol Particles Using X-ray Spectromicroscopy at the Carbon K-Edge,” Analytical Chemistry 82(19), 7906–7914 (2010). (, 11.0.2)


116.    Najafi, E., J. Wang, A.P. Hitchcock, J. Guan, S. Denomme and B. Simard, “Characterization of single-walled carbon nanotubes by scanning transmission x-ray spectromicroscopy, purification, order and dodecyl functionalization”, Journal of the American Chemical Society 132, 9020-9029 (2010). (


115.     Neu, T.R., B. Manz, F. Volke, J.J. Dynes, A.P. Hitchcock and J.R. Lawrence, “Advanced imaging techniques for assessment of structure, composition and function in biofilm systems”, FEMS Microbiology Ecology 72, 1-21 (2010). (, 11.0.2)


114.    Papineau, D., B.T. De Gregorio, G.D. Cody, M. D. Fries, S.J. Mojzsis, A. Steele, R.M. Stroud and M.L. Fogel, “Ancient graphite in the Eoarchean quartz–pyroxene rocks from Akilia in southern West Greenland I, Petrographic and spectroscopic characterization”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 5862–5883 (2010). (


113.    Pratt, K.A., C.H. Twohy, S.M. Murphy, R.C. Moffet, A.J. Heymsfield, C.J. Gaston, P.J. DeMott, P.R. Field, T.R. Henn, D.C. Rogers, M.K. Gilles, J.H. Seinfeld, and K.A. Prather, “Observation of playa salts as nuclei in orographic wave clouds”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 115, D15301 (2010). (, 11.0.2)


112.    Raab, T.K. and D.A. Lipson. “The Rhizosphere, A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root Zone”, Developments in Soil Science , B. Singh, M. Grafe, Vol. 34, (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2010), 171-198 (2010). (


111.    Roberts, G.C., D.A. Day, L.M. Russell, E.J. Dunlea, J.L. Jimenez, J.M. Tomlinson, D.R. Collins, Y. Shinozuka and A.D. Clarke, “Characterization of particle cloud droplet activity and composition in the free troposphere and the boundary layer during INTEX-B”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 6627-6644, (2010). (


110.    Russell, L.M., L.N. Hawkins, A.A. Frossard, P.K. Quinn and T.S. Bates, “Carbohydrate-like composition of submicron atmospheric particles and their production from ocean bubble bursting”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(15), 6652-6657 (2010). (


109.     Schwartz, R.E., L.M. Russell, S.J. Slosted, A. Vlasenko, J.G. Slowik, J.P.D Abbat, A.M. Macdonald, S.M. Li, J. Liggio, D. Toom-Sauntry and W.R. Leaitch, “Biogenic oxidized organic functional groups in aerosol particles from a mountain forest site and their similarities to laboratory chamber products”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10(11), 5075-5088 (2010). (


108.     Strachan, J. P., M. Pickett, J. Yang, S. Aloni, D. Kilcoyne, G. Medeiros-Ribeiro and S. Williams, “Direct identification of the conducting channels in a functioning memristive device”, Advanced Material 22, 3573–3577 (2010). (


107.    Susac, D., J. Wang, Z Martin, A.P. Hitchcock, J. Stumper, and D. Bessarabov, "Chemical Fingerprint Associated with the Formation of Pt in the Membrane in PEM Fuel Cell", ECS Transactions 33(1), 391-398 (2010). (


106.     Swaraj, S., C. Wang, HP. Yan and H. Ade, “Nanomorphology of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic thin films probed with Resonant soft x-ray scattering”, Nano Letters 10(8), 2863-2869 (2010). (6.3.2,


105.     Takahama, S., S. Liu and L.M. Russell, “Coatings and clusters of carboxylic acids in carbon-containing atmospheric particles from spectromicroscopy and their implications for cloud-nucleating and optical properties”, Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 115, D01202 (2010). (


104.    Toner, B.M., S.C. Fakra, S.J. Manganini, C.M. Santelli, M.A. Marcus, J.W. Moffett, O. Rouxel, C.R. German, and K.J. Edwards, "Ridge 2000 Program; Featured Paper, December 2010; Each month, a paper that demonstrates the integration and synthesis of data collected at mid-ocean ridges is highlighted; http://www.ridge2000.org/index.php; Toner, B.M., S.C. Fakra, S.J. Manganini, C.M. Santelli, M.A. Marcus, J.W. Moffett, O. Rouxel, C.R. German, and K.J. Edwards (2009), Preservation of iron(II) by carbon-rich matrices in a hydrothermal plume, Nature Geosciences 2, 197-201, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO433. ALS BL 11.0.2, 5.3.2, and 10.3.2," 2010. (11.0.2,, 10.3.2)


103.    Tyliszczak, T., and K.W. Chou, "Advances in Magnetization Dynamics Using Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy," in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (11.0.2,


102.     Wallis, P.J., A.L. Chaffee, W.P. Gates, A.F. Patti and J.L. Scott, “Partial exchange of Fe(III) montmorillonite with hexadecyltrimethylammonium cation Increases catalytic activity for hydrophobic substrates”, Langmuir 26, 4258-4265 (2010). (


101.     Wang, Y.T., Y. Zou, T. Araki, L.N. Jan, A. Kilcoyne, J. Sokolov, H. Ade and M. Rafailovich, “Probing the chain and crystal lattice orientation in polyethylene thin films by near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy”, Macromolecules 43(19), 8153-8161 (2010). (


100.     Yabuta, H., C.M. O'D Alexander, M.L. Fogel, A.L. D Kilcoyne and G.D. Cody, “A molecular and isotopic study of the macromolecular organic matter of the ungrouped C2 WIS 91600 and its relationship to Tagish Lake and PCA 91008,” Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45(9), 1446–1460 (2010). (


99.       Yan, HP., S. Swaraj, C. Wang, I. Hwang, N.C. Greenham, C. Groves, H. Ade and C.R. McNeill, “Influence of annealing and interfacial roughness on the performance of bilayer donor/acceptor polymer photovoltaic devices”,Advanced Functional Materials 20, 4329-4337 (2010). (6.3.2,



2009 (27)


98.       Ade, H. and H. Stoll, “Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure microscopy of organic and magnetic materials”, Nature Materials 8(4), 281-290 (2009). (


97.       Ade, H., C. Wang, A. Garcia, H. Yan, K.E. Sohn, A. Hexemer, G.C. Bazan, T.-Q. Nguyen and E.J. Kramer, “Characterization of multicomponent polymer trilayers with resonant soft x-ray reflectivity”, Journal of Polymer Science Part B, Polymer Physics 47(13), 1291-1299 (2009). (6.3.2,


96        Burke, K.B., W.J. Belcher, L. Thomsen, B. Watts, C.R. McNeill, H. Ade and P.C. Dastoor, “Role of solvent trapping effects in determining the structure and morphology of ternary blend organic devices”, Macromolecules 42(8), 3098-3103 (2009). (


95.       Busemann, H., A.N. Nguyen, G.D. Cody, P. Hoppe, A. Kilcoyne, R.M. Stroud, T.J. Zega and L.R. Nittler, “Ultra-primitive interplanetary dust particles from the comet 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup dust stream collection”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 288, 44-57 (2009). (


94.       Chan C.S., S.C. Fakra, D.C. Edwards, D. Emerson and J.F. Banfield, “Iron oxyhydroxide mineralization on microbial extracellular polysaccharides”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73(13), 3807-3818 (2009). (11.0.2,, 10.3.2)


93.       Covelli, D., D. Hernández-Cruz, B.M. Haines, V. Munoz, O. Omotoso, R. Mikula and S.G. Urquhart, “NEXAFS microscopy studies of the association of hydrocarbon thin films with fine clay particles”, J. Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 173, 1-6 (2009). (


92.       Day, D. A., S. Takahama, S. G. Gilardoni and L. M. Russell, “Organic composition of single and submicron particles in different regions of western North America and the eastern Pacific during INTEX-B 2006”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Phyics 9, 5433-5446 (2009). (


91.       Dynes, J.J., J.R. Lawrence, D.R. Korber, G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard and A.P. Hitchcock, “Morphological and biochemical changes in Pseudomonas Fluorescens biofilms induced by sub-inhibitory exposure to antimicrobial agents”, Can. J. Microbiology 55, 163-178 (2009). (


90.       Fujii, S., D. Dupin, T. Araki, S. P. Armes, and H. Ade, “First direct imaging of electrolyte-Induced deswelling behavior of pH responsive microgels in aqueous media using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Langmuir 25(5), 2588-2592 (2009). (


89.       Hanhan, S., A.M. Smith, M. Obst and A.P. Hitchcock, “Optimization of analysis of Ca 2p soft x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 173, 44-49 (2009). (


88.       Hitchcock, A. P., Dynes, J.J.,  J.R. Lawrence, M. Obst, G.D.W. Swerhone, D.R. Korber and G.G. Leppard, “Soft x-ray spectromicroscopy of nickel sorption in a natural river biofilm”, Geobiology 7, 432-453 (2009). 11.0.2,


87.       Leaitch, W.R., A.M. Macdonald, K.G. Anlauf, P.S.K. Liu, D. Toom-Sauntry, S.M. Li, J. Liggio, K. Hayden, M.A. Wasey, L.M. Russell, S. Takahama, S. Liu, A. van Donkellar, T. Duck, R.V. Martin, Q. Zhang, Y. Sun, I. McKendry, N. C. Shantz and M. Cubison, “Evidence for Asian dust effects from aerosol plume measurements during INTEX-B 2006 near Whistler, BC”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 3523-3546 (2009). (


86.       Leung, B.O., J. Wang, J.L. Brash A.P. Hitchcock, “Imaging hydrated albumin on a polystyrene-poly(methyl methacrylate) blend surface with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Langmuir  25, 13332-13335 (2009). (


85.       Leung, B.O., J. Wang, J.L. Brash, A.P. Hitchcock, R. Cornelius, A. Scholl and A. Doran, “An X-ray spectromicroscopy study of protein adsorption to a polystyrene-polylactide blend”, Biomacromolecules 10, 1838-1845 (2009). (7.3.1,


84.       Li, J., A.P. Hitchcock, H.D.H. Stover and I. Shirley, “A new approach to experimentally studying microcapsule wall growth mechanisms”, Macromolecules 42, 2428-2432 (2009). (


83.       Liu, S., S. Takahama, L. M. Russell, S. Gilardoni and D. Baumgardner, “Oxygenated organic functional groups and their sources in single and submicron organic particles in MILAGRO 2006 campaign”, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 6849-6863 (2009). (


82.       Martín, Z., I. Jiménez, M. Ángeles Gómez H.W. Ade, D.A. Kilcoyne and D. Hernádez-Cruz, “Spectromicroscopy study of intercalation and exfoliation in polypropylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites”, Journal of Physical Chemistry 113, 11160-11165 (2009). (


81.       McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, P.C. Dastoor and H. Ade, “Evolution of laterally phase-separated polyfluorene blend morphology studied by x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Macromolecules 42(9), 3347-3352 (2009). (


80.       Norlund, K.L.I., G. Southam, T. Tyliszczak, Y. Hu, C. Karunakaran, M. Obst, A.P. Hitchcock and L.A. Warren, “A novel syntrophic microbial sulphur metabolising consortia, new evidence for microbial global carbon cycling”, Environmental Science and Technology 43, 8781-8786 (2009). (11.0.2,


79.       Obst, M., J.J. Dynes, J.R. Lawrence, G.D.W Swerhone, K. Benzerara, C. Karunakaran, K. Kaznatcheev, T. Tyliszczak and A.P. Hitchcock, “Precipitation of amorphous CaCO3 (aragonite-like) by cyanobacteria, A STXM study of the influence of EPS on the nucleation process”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73(14), 4180-4198 (2009). (, 11.0.2)


78.       Obst, M., J. Wang and A.P. Hitchcock, “Soft x-ray spectro-tomography study of cyanobacterial biomineral nucleation”, Geobiology 7, 577-591 (2009). (


77.       Swaraj, S., C. Wang, T. Araki, G. Mitchell, L. Liu, S. Gaynor, B. Deshmukh, H. Yan, C.R. McNeill and H. Ade, “The utility of resonant soft x-ray scattering and reflectivity for the nanoscale characterization of polymers”, European Physical Journal-Special Topics 167 [168], 121-126 (2009). (6.3.2,


76.       Toner, B.M., S.C. Fakra, S.J. Manganini, C.M. Santelli, M.A. Marcus, J.W. Moffett, O. Rouxel, C.R. German and K.J. Edwards, “Preservation of Iron(II) by Carbon-rich Matrices in a Hydrothermal Plume”, Nature Geosciences 2, 197-201 (2009). (11.0.2,, 10.3.2)


75.       Wang, C., A. Garcia, H. Yan, K. Sohn, A. Hexemer, T.-Q. Nguyen, G.C. Bazan, E.J. Kramer and H. Ade, “Interfacial Widths of Conjugated Polymer Bilayers”, Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, 12538-12539 (2009). (6.3.2,


74.       Wang, J., C. Morin, L. Li, A.P. Hitchcock, A. Scholl and A. Doran, “Radiation damage in soft X-ray microscopy”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 170, 25-36 (2009). (7.3.1,


73.       Wang, J., G.A. Botton, M.M. West and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative evaluation of radiation damage to polyethylene terephthalate by soft X-rays and high-energy electrons”, J. Phys. Chem., B113, 1869-1876 (2009). (, 7.3.1)


72.       Watts, B., W.J. Belcher, L. Thomsen, H. Ade and P.C. Dastoor, “A Quantitative Study of PCBM Diffusion during Annealing of P3HT, PCBM Blend Films”, Macromolecules 42(21), 8392-8397 (2009). (




2008 (14)


71.    Ade, H. and A.P. Hitchcock, “NEXAFS microscopy and resonant scattering, composition and orientation probed in real and reciprocal space”, Polymer 49(3), 643 - 675 (2008)


70.    Ashcroft, J.M., W. Gu, T. Zhang, S.M. Hughes, K.B. Hartman, C. Hofmann, A.G. Kanaras, D.A. Kilcoyne, M Le Gros, Y. Yin, P.A. Alivisatos and C.A. Larabell, “TiO2 nanoparticles as a soft x-ray molecular probe”, Chemical Communications 2008, 2471-2473 (2008). (


69.    Cody, G.D., C.M.O’D. Alexander, H. Yabuta, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, T. Araki, H. Ade, P. Dera, M. Fogel, B. Militzer and B.O. Mysen, “Organic thermometry for chondritic parent bodies”, Earth and Planetary Sci. Letts. 272, 446-455 (2008). (


68.    Cody, G.D., H. Ade, C.M.O.D. Alexander, T. Araki, A. Butterworth, H. Fleckenstein, G.J. Flynn, M.K. Gilles, C. Jacobsen, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, K. Messenger, S.A. Sanford, T. Tyliszczak, A.J. Westphal, S. Wirick and H. Yabuta, “Quantitative organic and light element analysis of comet 81P/Wild 2 particles using C-, N-, and O-uXANES”, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 43, 353-365 (2008). (


67.    Hitchcock, A.P., J.J. Dynes, G. Johansson, J. Wang and G. Botton, “Comparison of NEXAFS microscopy and TEM-EELS for studies of soft matter”, Micron 39, 311-319 (2008)


66.    Hopkins, R. J., Y. Desyaterik, A. V. Tivanski, R. A. Zaveri, C. M. Berkowitz, T. Tyliszczak, M. K. Gilles and A. Laskin, “Chemical Speciation of Sulfur in Marine Cloud Droplets and Particles: Analysis of Individual Particles from the Marine Boundary Layer Over the California Current”, J. Geophys. Res. 113, D04209 (2008). (, 11.0.2)


65.    Hunter R.C., A.P. Hitchcock, J.J. Dynes, M. Obst and J. Beveridge, “Mapping the speciation of iron in pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Environ. Sci. Technol. 42, 8766-8772 (2008). (


64.    Lepiller, C., V. Gauthier, J. Gaudet, A. Pereira, M. Lefevre, D. Guay and A. Hitchcock, “Studies of Nafion-RuO2.xH2o composite membranes”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 155, B70 – B78 (2008). (


63.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, S. Swaraj, H. Ade, L. Thomsen, W. Belcher and P.C. Dastoor, “Evolution of the nanomorphology of photovoltaic polyfluorene blends, sub-100 nm resolution with x-ray spectromicroscopy”, Nanotechnology 19, 424015 (2008). (


62.    Moffet, R.C., Y. Desyaterik, R.J. Hopkins, A.V. Tivanski, M.K. Gilles, V. Shutthanandan, L.T. Molina, R.A. Gonzalez, K.S. Johnson, M.J. Molina, A. Laskin and K.A. Prather, “Characterization of Aerosols Containing Zn, Pb, and Cl from an Industrial Region of Mexico City,” Environ. Sci. Technol. 41, 7091–7097 (2008). (11.0.2,


61.    Najafi, E., D. Hernandez-Cruz, M. Obst, A.P. Hitchcock, B. Douhard, J-J. Pireau and A. Felten, “Polarization dependence of the C 1s X-ray absorption spectra of individual multi-walled carbon nanotubes”, Small 4, 2279-2285 (2008). (


60.    Takahama, S., S. Gilardoni and L.M. Russell, “Single-particle oxidation state and morphology of atmospheric iron aerosols”, J. Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 113, D22202 (2008). (11.0.2,


59.    Urquhart, S.G., U.D. Lanke and J. Fu, “Characterization of molecular orientation in organic nanomaterials by x-ray linear dichroism microscopy”, Int. J. Nanotechnology 5, 1138–1170 (2008). (11.0.2, 7.3.1,


58.    Watts, B. and H. Ade, “A simple method for determining linear polarization and energy calibration of focused soft X-ray beams”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 162, 49-55 (2008)




2007 (20)


57.    Felten, A., C. Bittencourt, J.J. Pireaux, M. Reichelt, J. Mayer, D. Hernández Cruz, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Individual Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes Spectroscopy by Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, Nano Letters 7(8), 2435–2440 (2007). (


56.    Fu, J., and S.G. Urquhart, “Effect of Chain Length and Substrate Temperature on the Growth and Morphology of n-Alkane Thin Films”, Langmuir 23(5), 2615–2622 (2007). (, 11.0.2)


55.    Hernández Cruz, D., A.P. Hitchcock, T. Tyliszczak, M.-E. Rousseau, and M. Pézolet, “In situ azimuthal rotation device for linear dichroism measurements in scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 033703-1–033703-6 (2007). (, 11.0.2)


54.    Hitchcock, A.P., J. Li, S. Reijerkerk, P. Foley, H.D.H. Stöver, and I. Shirley, “X-ray absorption spectroscopy of polyureas and polyurethanes and their use in characterizing chemical gradients in thin-walled polyurea capsules”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 156-158(1), 467–471 (2007). (


53.    Hopkins, R.J., A.V. Tivanski, B.D. Marten, and M.K. Gilles, “Chemical Bonding and Structure of Black Carbon Reference Materials and Individual Carbonaceous Atmospheric Aerosols”, J. Aerosol Science 38(6), 573–591 (2007). (, 11.0.2)


52.    Hopkins, R.J., K. Lewis, Y. Desayerik, Z. Wang, A.V. Tivanski, W.P. Arnot, A. Laskin, M.K. Gilles, “Correlations between optical, chemical and physical properties of Biomass burn aerosols”, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L18806 (2007)


51.    Johansson, G.A., T. Tyliszczak, G.E. Mitchell, M. Keefe, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Three-dimensional Chemical Mapping by Scanning Transmission X-ray Spectromicroscopy”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 14(part 5), 395–402 (2007). (


50.    Kaznatcheev, K., and T. Hegmann, “Molecular ordering in a biaxial smectic-A phase studied by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM)”, Phys. Chem. Chem.  Phys. 9, 1705–1712 (2007). (


49.    Kaznatcheev, K.V., P. Dudin, O.D. Lavrentovich, and A.P. Hitchcock, “X-ray microscopy study of chromonic liquid crystal dry film texture”, Phys. Rev. E 76(6), 061703-1–061703-14 (2007). (


48.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, H. Ade, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “X-ray Microscopy of Photovoltaic Polyfluorene Blends, Relating Nanomorphology to Device Performance”, Macromolecules 40(9), 3263–3270 (2007). (


47.    Michelsen, H.A., A.V. Tivanski, M.K. Gilles, L.H. van Poppel, M.A. Dansson, and P. Buseck, “Particle formation from pulsed laser irradiation of soot aggregates studied with a scanning mobility particle sizer, a transmission electron microscope, and a scanning transmission x-ray microscope”, Appl. Optics 46(6), 959–977 (2007). (, 11.0.2)


46.    Rousseau, M-E., D. Hernández Cruz, M.M West, A.P. Hitchcock, and M. Pézolet, “Nephilia clavipes Spider Dragline Silk Microstructure Studied by Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129(13), 3897–3905 (2007). (


45.    Sandford S.A., J. Aléon, C. M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, J.

Borg, J. P. Bradley, D. E. Brownlee, J. R. Brucato, M. J. Burchell, H. Busemann4, A. Butterworth, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, L. d’Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, J. P. Dworkin, G. Ferrini, H. Fleckenstein, G. J. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, M. K. Gilles, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, F. Grossemy, C. Jacobsen, L. P. Keller, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, J. Leitner, G. Matrajt, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, S. Mostefaoui, L. R. Nittler, M. E. Palumbo, D. A. Papanastassiou, F. Robert, A. Rotundi, C. J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, A. Steele, T. Stephan, P. Tsou, T. Tyliszczak, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, B. Wopenka, H. Yabuta, R. N. Zare, and M. E. Zolensky, “Overview of the Results of the Organics PET Study of the Cometary Samples Returned from Comet Wild 2 by the Stardust Mission”, Lunar Planet. Sci. 38, 1301 (2007) (, 11.0.2, 1,4.1)


44.    Stewart-Ornstein, J., A.P. Hitchcock, D. Hernàndez Cruz, P. Henklein, J. Overhage, K. Hilpert, J.D. Hale, and R.E.W. Hancock, “Using Intrinsic X-ray Absorption Spectral Differences To Identify and Map Peptides and Proteins”, J. Phys. Chem. B 111(26), 7691–7699 (2007). (


43.    Takahama, S., S. Gilardoni, L.M. Russell and A.L.D. Kilcoyne, “Classification of multiple types of organic carbon composition in atmospheric particles by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy analysis”, Atm. Environ. 41, 9435-9451 (2007). (, 7.0.1)


42.    Tivanski, A.V., R.J. Hopkins, T. Tyliszczak, and M.K. Gilles”, Oxygenated Interface on Biomass Burn Tar Balls Determined by Single Particle Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. A 111(25), 5448–5458 (2007). (11.0.2,


41.    Wang, J., H.D.H. Stover, A.P. Hitchcock, and T. Tyliszczak, “Chemically Selective Soft X-ray Patterning of Polymers”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 14(part 2), 181–190 (2007). (, 11.0.2)


40.    Wang, J., H.D.H. Stover, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Chemically Selective soft X-ray Direct-write Patterning of Multilayer Polymer Films”, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111(44), 16330–16338 (2007). (


39.    Wang, C., T. Araki, B. Watts, S. Harton, T. Koga, S. Basu, and H. Ade, “Resonant Soft X-ray Reflectivity of Organic Thin Films”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 25, 575–586 (2007). (6.3.2,


38.    Winesett, D.A., and A.H. Tsou, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy of Curative and Filler Migration of Inner Liner Compounds”, Rubber Chemistry and Technology 80(1), 14–23 (2007). (





37.    Araki, T., H. Ade, J.M. Stubbs, D.C. Sundberg, G.E. Mitchell, J.B. Kortright, and A.L.D Kilcoyne, “Resonant soft x-ray scattering from structured polymer nanoparticles”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(12), 124106-1–124106-3 (2006). (,


36.    Brownlee, D., P. Tsou, J. Aléon, C.M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, R. Bastien, P. Bland, P. Bleuet, J. Borg,  J. P. Bradley, A. Brearley, F. Brenker, S. Brennan, J.C. Bridges, N.D. Browning, J.R. Brucato, E. Bullock, M.J. Burchell, H. Busemann, A. Butterworth, M. Chaussidon, A. Cheuvront, M. Chi, M.J. Cintala, B.C. Clark, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, P. Cordier, Z. Dai, L. D'Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, G. Dominquez, T. Duxbury, J. P. Dworkin, S. S. Ebel, T.E. Economou, S. Fakra, S.A.J. Fairey, S. Fallon, G. Ferrini, T. Ferroir,  H. Fleckenstein, C. Floss, G. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, Z. Gainsforth, J,P, Gallien, M. Genge, M. K. Gilles, P. Gillet, J. Gilmour, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, M.M. Grady, G.A. Graham, P.G. Grant, S.F. Green, F. Grossemy, L. Grossman, J.N. Grossman, Y. Guan, K. Hagiya, R. Harvey, P. Heck, G.F. Herzog, P. Hoppe, F. Hörz, J. Huth, I.D. Hutcheon, K. Ignatyev, H. Ishii, M. Ito, D. Jacob, C. Jacobsen, S. Jacobsen, S. Jones, D. Joswiak, A. Jurewicz, A.T. Kearsley. L. P. Keller, H. Khodja, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, J. Kissel, A. Krot, F. Langenhorst, A. Lanzirotti, L.Le, L.A. Leshin, J. Leitner, L. Lemelle, H. Leroux, M-C. Liu, K. Luening, I. Lyon, G. MacPherson, M.A. Marcus, K. Marhas, B. Marty, G. Matrajt, K. McKeegan, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, K. Messenger, S. Messenger, T. Mikouchi, S. Mostefaoui, T. Nakamura, T. Nakano, M. Newville, L. R. Nittler, I. Ohnishi, K. Ohsumi, K. Okudaira, D.A. Papanastassiou, R. Palma, M.E. Palumbo, R.O.Pepin, D. Perkins, M. Perronnet, P. Pianetta, W. Rao, F.J.M. Rietmeijer, F. Robert, D. Rost, A. Rotundi, R. Ryan, S.A. Sandford, C.S. Schwandt, T.H. See, D. Schlutter, J. Sheffield-Parker, A. Simionovici, S. Simon, I. Sitnitsky, C.J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, F.J. Stadermann, A. Steele, T Stephan, R. Stroud, J. Susini, S.R. Sutton, Y. Suzuki, M. Taheri, S. Taylor, N. Teslich, K. Tomeoka, N. Tomioka, A. Toppani, J.M. Trigo-Rodríguez, D. Troadec, A. Tsuchiyama, A. J. Tuzzolino, T. Tyliszczak, K. Uesugi, M. Velbel, J. Vellenga, E. Vicenzi, L. Vincze, J. Warren, I. Weber, M. Weisberg, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, D. Wodden, B. Wopenka, P. Wozniakiewicz, I. Wright, H. Yabuta, H. Yano, E.D. Young, R. N. Zare, T. Zega, K. Ziegler, L. Zimmerman, E. Zinner, M, and M. E. Zolensky, “Comet 81P/Wild 2 under a microscope”, Science 314(5806), 1711–1716 (2006). (11.0.2, 1.4.3, 10.3.2,


35.    Dynes, J.J., T. Tyliszczak, T. Araki, J.R. Lawrence, G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Speciation and quantitative mapping of metal species in microbial biofilms using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, Environ. Sci. Technol. 40(5), 1556–1565 (2006). (11.0.2,


34.    Dynes, J.J., J.R. Lawrence, D.R. Korber, G.DW. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative mapping of chlorhexidine in diatoms in natural river biofilms”, Science of the Total Environment 369(1-3), 369–383 (2006). (


33.    Felten, A., H. Hody, C. Bittencourt, J.-J. Pireaux, D. Hernández Cruz, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Scanning transmission x-ray microscopy of isolated multiwall carbon nanotubes”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(9), 093123-1–093123-3 (2006). (


32.    Hernández Cruz, D., M.-E. Rousseau, M.M. West, M. Pezolet, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative Mapping of the Orientation of Fibroin beta-Sheets in B. mori Cocoon Fibers by Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy”, Biomacromolecules 7(3), 836–843 (2006). (


31.    Iwata, N., K. Tani, A. Watada, H. Ikeura-Sekiguchi, T. Araki, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Chemical component mapping of pulverized toner by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy”, Micron 37(4), 290–295 (2006). (


30.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “Nanoscale Quantitative Chemical Mapping of Conjugated Polymer Blends”, Nano Letts. 6(6), 1202–1206 (2006). (


29.    McNeill, C.R., B. Watts, L. Thomsen, W.J. Belcher, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, N.C. Greenham, and P.C. Dastoor, “X-ray Spectromicroscopy of Polymer/Fullerene Composites, Quantitative Chemical Mapping”, Small 2(12), 1432–1435 (2006). (


28.    Mitchell, G.E., B.G. Landes, J. Lyons, B.J. Kern, M.J. Devon, I. Koprinarov, E.M. Gullikson, and J.B. Kortright, “Molecular bond selective x-ray scattering for nanoscale analysis of soft matter”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 89(4), 044101-1–044101-3 (2006). (,


27.    Otero, E., and S.G. Urquhart, “Nitrogen 1s Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy of Amino Acids, Resolving Zwitterionic Effects”, J. Phys. Chem. A 110(44), 12121–12128 (2006). (, 11.0.2)


26.    Sandford,S.A., J. Aléon, C.M. O’D. Alexander, T. Araki, S. Bajt, G. A. Baratta, J. Borg,  J. P. Bradley, D.E. Brownlee, J.R. Brucato, M.J, Burchell, H. Busemann, A. Butterworth, S. J. Clemett, G. Cody, L. Colangeli, G. Cooper, L. D'Hendecourt, Z. Djouadi, J. P. Dworkin, G. Ferrini, H. Fleckenstein, G. J. Flynn, I. A. Franchi, M. Fries, M. K. Gilles, D. P. Glavin, M. Gounelle, F. Grossemy, C. Jacobsen, L. P. Keller, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, G. Matrajt, A. Meibom, V. Mennella, S. Mostefaoui, L. R. Nittler, M. E. Palumbo, D.A. Papanastassiou, F. Robert, A. Rotundi, C. J. Snead, M. K. Spencer, F.J. Stadermann, A. Steele, T Stephan, P. Tsou, T. Tyliszczak, A. J. Westphal, S. Wirick, B. Wopenka, H. Yabuta, R. N. Zare, and M. E. Zolensky., “Organics Captured from Comet 81/Wild 2 by the Stardust Spacecraft”, Science 314(5806), 1720–1724 (2006). (11.0.2, 10.3.1,, 1.4.3, 10.3.2)


25.    Si, M., T. Araki, H. Ade, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, R. Fischer, J.C. Sokolov, and M.H. Rafailovich, “Compatibilizing Bulk Polymer Blends by Using Organoclays”, Macromolecules  39 (14), 4793–4801 (2006). (


24.    Wang, Y., M. Rafailovich, J. Sokolov, D. Gersappe, T. Araki, Y. Zou, A.D.L. Kilcoyne, H. Ade, G. Marom, and A. Lustiger, “Substrate Effect on the Melting Temperature of Thin Polyethylene Films”, Phys. Rev. Letts. 96(2), 028303-1–028303-4 (2006). (


23.    Zou, Y., T. Araki, G. Appel, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, and H. Ade, “Solid state effects in the NEXAFS spectra of alkane-based van der Waals crystals, Breakdown of molecular model”, Chem. Phys. Letts. 430(4-6), 287–292 (2006). (






22.    Araki, T., A.P. Hitchcock, F. Shen, P.L. Chang, M. Wang, and R.F. Childs, “Quantitative chemical mapping of poly(sodium acrylate-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) enhanced alginate microcapsules”, Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition 16(5), 611–627 (2005). (,


21.    Croll, L.M., H.D.H. Stöver, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Composite Tectocapsules containing Porous Polymer Microspheres as Release Gates”, Macromolecules 38(7), 2903–2910 (2005). (


20.    Fu, J., and S.G. Urquhart, “Linear Dichroism in the X-ray Absorption Spectra of Linear n-Alkanes”, J. Phys. Chem. A 109(51), 11724–11732 (2005). (, 11.0.2)


19.    Fujii, S., S., S.P. Armes, T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Direct Imaging and Spectroscopic Characterization of Stimulus-Responsive Microgels”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(48), 16808–16809 (2005). (


18.    Guay, D., J. Stewart-Ornstein, X. Zhang, and A.P. Hitchcock, “In situ spatial and time-resolved studies of electrochemical reactions by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy”, Analytical Chemistry 77(11), 3479–3487 (2005). (


17.    Harton, S.E., T. Koga, F.A. Stevie, T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Investigation of Blend Miscibility of a Ternary PS/PCHMA/PMMA System Using SIMS and Mean-Field Theory”, Macromolecules 38(25), 10511–10515 (2005). (


16.    Hitchcock, A.P., H.D.H. Stöver, L.M. Croll, and R.F. Childs, “Chemical mapping of polymer microstructure using soft X-ray spectromicroscopy”, Australian Journal of Chemistry 58(6), 423–432 (2005).


15.    Hitchcock, A.P., C. Morin, X. Zhang, T. Araki, J. Dynes, H. Stover, J. Brash, J.R. Lawrence, and G.G. Leppard, “Soft X-ray Spectromicroscopy of Biological and Synthetic Polymer Systems”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 144-147(SI), 259–269 (2005). (, 11.0.2)


14.    Muntean, L., R. Planques, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, S.R. Leone, M.K. Gilles, and W.D. Hinsberg, “Chemical mapping of polymer photoresists by scanning transmission x-ray microscopy”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23(4), 1630–1636 (2005). (, 11.0.2)


13.    Takekoh, R., M. Okubo, T. Araki, H.D.H. Stover, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Quantitative chemical mapping of nano-structured "onion-like" poly(methyl methacrylate) / polystyrene composite particles by soft X-ray microscopy”, Macromolecules 38(2), 542–551 (2005). (


12.    Wang, C., T. Araki, and H. Ade, “Soft X-ray Resonant Reflectivity of low Z Material Thin Films”, Appl. Phys. Letts. 87(21), 214109 (2005). (6.3.2,


11.    Wang, J., G. Cooper, D. Tulumello, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner Shell Excitation Spectroscopy of Biphenyl and Substituted Biphenyls, Probing Ring-Ring Delocalization”, J. Phys. Chem. A 109(48), 10886–10896 (2005). (




2004 (3)


10.    Cooper, G., M. Gordon, D. Tulumello, C. Turci, K. Kaznatcheev, A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner Shell Excitation of glycine, clycyl-clycine, alanine and phenylalanine”, J. Electron Spectrosc. 137-140, 795-799 (2004). (


9.      Maria, S.F., L.M. Russell, M.K. Gilles and S.C.B. Myeni, “Organic Aerosol Growth Mechanisms and their Climate-Forcing Implications”, Science 306, 1921-1924 (2004). (


8.      Olynick, D.L., B.D. Harteneck, E. Veklerov, M. Tendulkar, J.A., Liddle, A.L.D. Kilcoyne T. Tyliszczak, “25 nm Mechanically Buttressed High Aspect Ratio Zone Plates, Fabrication and Performance”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 22(6), 3186-3190 (2004). (11.0.2,



2003 (6)


7.      Ade, H., A. P. Hitchcock, G. E. Mitchell, A. L. D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, R. Fink, and T. Warwick, “Applications with the dedicated polymer scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS beamline 5.3.2”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 16(3), 53–59 (2003). (


6.      Croll, L.M., A.P. Hitchcock, I. Koprinarov, D.W. Vanbesien and D. H. Stöver, “Integrating near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) microscopy and crystallography, the effects of molecular order on soft x-ray spectromicroscopy”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 10, 265–268 (2003). (


5.      Gordon, M.L., G. Cooper, T. Araki, C. Morin, C.C. Turci, K. Kaznatcheev and A.P. Hitchcock, “Inner-shell excitation spectroscopy of the peptide bond, comparison of the C 1s, N 1s and O 1s spectra of glycine, glycyl-glycine and glycyl-glycyl-glycine”, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 6144–6159 (2003). (


4.      Kilcoyne, A.L.D., T. Tyliszczak, W. Steele, S. Fakra, P. Hitchcock, K. Franck, E.H. Anderson, B. Harteneck, E.G. Rightor, G.E. Mitchell, A.P. Hitchcock, L. Yang, T. Warwick and H. Ade, “Interferometer controlled scanning transmission x-ray microscopes at the Advanced Light Source”, J. Synchrotron Radiation 10(2), 125–136 (2003). (,, 11.0.2)


3.      Lawrence, J.R., G.D.W. Swerhone, G.G. Leppard, T. Araki, X. Zhang, M.M. West, and A.P. Hitchcock, “Scanning transmission x-ray, laser scanning, and transmission electron microscopy mapping of the exopolymeric matrix of microbial biofilms”, Applied and  Environmental Microbiology  69, 5543–5554 (2003). (


2.      Retzko, I. and W.E S. Unger, “Analysis of carbon materials by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray absorption spectroscopy”, Advanced Engineering Materials 5(7), 519–522 (2003). (,




2002 (1)


1.      T. Warwick, H. Ade, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, M. Kritscher, T. Tylisczcak, S. Fakra, A. Hitchcock, P. Hitchcock and H. Padmore, “A new bend magnet beamline for scanning transmission X-ray microscopy at the Advanced Light Source”, J. Synchrotron Radiation  9(4), 254–257 (2002). (




Refereed Conference Proceedings (13)


14.    Hitchcock, A.P., S. Berejnov, S. Kalirai, M. Obst, and T. Tyliszczak, "Recent Advances in Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy," Microscopy and Microanalysis 18(2), 966-967 (2012). (11.0.2, Conference Proceeding


13.    Darija S., J. Wang, Z. Martin, A.P. Hitchcock, J. Stumper and D. Bessarabov, "Ligand-assisted Migration of Platinum as a New Failure Mechanism in PEM Fuel Cell," 33(1), 391-398 (2011). [Proceedings of 218th ECS Meeting , (Las Vegas, NV, 00/00/00-00/00/00)]. ( [NOT YET CONFIRMED BY THE ALS]


12.    Kilcoyne, A.L.D., H. Ade, D. Attwood, A.P. Hitchcock, P. McKean, G.E. Mitchell, P. Monteiro, T. Tyliszczak, and T. Warwick, “A new Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscope at the ALS for operation up to 2500eV,” 1234, 459–462 (2010). [Proceedings of Synchrotron Radiation International 2009, (Melbourne, AU, 09/27/2009-10/02/2009)]. (


11.    De Gregorio, B.T., N.D. Bassim, G.D. Cody, L.R. Nittler, R.M. Stroud, and T.J. Zega, “TEM and STXM observations of organic (and some inorganic) Stardust particles from comet 81P/Wild 2,” 39, 2139 (March 2008). [Proceedings of Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (Houston, TX, 3/10/2008-3/14/2008)]. (


10.    De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, L.R. Nittler, A.L. D Kilcoyne, and G.D. Cody, “Cometary "everything cookie": a unique carbonaceous Stardust particle containing various nanoscale particles,” 8(2), 445 (2008). [Proceedings of Astrobiology Science Conference, (Santa Clara, CA, 4/14/2008-4/17/2008)]. (

9.      Hitchcock, A.P., E. Najafi, D. Hernandez Cruz, M. Obst, A. Felten, B. Douhard, and J.J. Pireaux, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy of Individual Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Linear Dichroism and Functionalization Chemistry,” Microsc. Microanal. 14 S-2, 190–191 (2008). [Proceedings of Microscopy and microanalysis 2008, (Albuquerque, NM, 8/3/2008-8/8/2008)]. (


8.      De Gregorio, B.T., R.M. Stroud, and D.S. Ebel, “Pre- and post-accretionary carbonates in the Renazzo CR chondrite,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72(12 Suppl.), A280–A280 (2008). [Proceedings of Goldschmidt Conference, (Vancouver, Canada, 7/13/2008-7/18/2008)]. (        


7.      Watts, B., D. Queen, A.L.D Kilcoyne, T. Tylizsczak, F. Hellman, and H. Ade, “Soft X-ray beam induced current technique,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 2: Letters 186(1), 12023 (2009). [Proceedings of 9th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, (Zuercih, Switzerland, 7/21/2008-7/25/2008)]. (, 11.0.2)


6.      Hitchcock, A.P., J.J. Dynes, G. Johannson, J. Wang, G. Botton, “Comparison of NEXAFS microscopy and TEM-EELS for studies of soft matter”, Micron 39, 741-748 (2008). (


5.      Hitchcock, A.P., G.A. Johansson, G.E. Mitchell, M.H. Keefe and T. Tyliszczak, “3-D Chemical imaging using angle-scan nanotomography in a soft x-ray scanning transmission x-ray microscope”, Appl.Phys. A92, 447-452 (2008). (


4.      Hitchcock, A.P., J.J. Dynes, G.A. Johansson, and J. Wang, “Comparison of NEXAFS microscopy and TEM-EELS for studies of soft matter,” Micron 39, 311–319 (Spring 2008). [Proceedings of Microscopical Society of Canada 2007 Annual Conference, (Edmonton, AB, Canada, 6/12/2007- 6/15/2007)]. (


3.      Hitchcock, A.P., G.A. Johansson, G.E. Mitchell, M.H. Keefe, and T. Tyliszczak, “3-d chemical imaging using angle-scan nanotomography in a soft X-ray scanning transmission X-ray microscope,” Appl. Phys. A–Mater. 92, 447–452 (Summer 2008). [Proceedings of 15th Int. Conf Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Physics, (Berlin, Germany, 7/29/2007-8/4/2007)]. (


2.      Koike, M., M. Ishino, T. Imazono, K. Sano, H. Sasai, M. Hatayama, H. Takenaka, P.A. Heimann, and E.M. Gullikson, “Development of soft X-ray multilayer laminar-type plane gratings and VLS spherical grating for flat-field spectrograph in the 1-8 keV region,” Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 64, 756–760 (2009). [Proceedings of 19th International Congress on X-Ray Optics and Microanalysis, (Kyoto, Japan, 9/17/2007-9/19/2007)]. (, 6.3.2)


1.      Müller, A., S. Schippers, R.A. Phaneuf, M. Habibi, D. Esteves, J.C. Wang, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, A. Aguilar, S. Yang, and L. Dunsch, “Photoionization of the endohedral fullerene ions Sc3N@C+80 and Ce@C+82 by synchrotron radiation,”  88, 012038-1–012038-7 (July 2007).  in [XXV International Conference on Photonic, Electronic, and Atomic Collisions ,   International Conference on Photonic, Electronic, and Atomic Collisions 2007 (Freiberg Germany, July 25–31, 2007)]. (,




Book, Chapter in a Book, or Article in a Book (4)


5.      Hitchcock, A.P., "Soft X-ray Imaging and Spectromicroscopy ," in Handbook on Nanoscopy, G. Van Tendeloo, D. Van Dyck, S.J. Pennycook, Vol. II, (Wiley Weinheim, 2012), pp.745-791. (, 11.0.2,



4.      Guo, J., in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (,,, 11.0.2,


3.      Moffet, R.C., A.V. Tivanski, and M.K. Gilles, “Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy: Applications in Atmospheric Aerosol Research,” in Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy, Signorell, R.Reid, J. P., (CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group Boca Raton, 2010), pp.420–462. (, 11.0.2)


2.      Raab, T.K., and D.A. Lipson, “The Rhizosphere: A Synchrotron-Based View of Nutrient Flow in the Root Zone,” in Developments in Soil Science, B. Singh; M. Grafe, Vol. 34, (Elsevier Amsterdam, 2010), pp.171–198. (1.4.3,


1.      Tyliszczak, T., and K.W. Chou, “Advances in Magnetization Dynamics Using Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy,” in X-Rays in Nanoscience: Spectroscopy, Spectromicroscopy, and Scattering Techniques, Jinghua Guo, (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Weinheim, Germany, 2010). (11.0.2,




Theses – M. Sc. & PhD. (20)


Burke, K.B.

"Characterisation of Organic Photovoltaics by Synchrotron Soft X-ray Techniques," doctoral dissertation, Univeristy of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia, 2011, advisor Paul Dastoor, Warwick Belcher, Xiaojing Zhou. (


Caster A. G.

“Investigating Silicon-Based Photoresists with Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering and X-ray Micro-Spectroscopy”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 2010. Advisor, Stephen Leone. (


Chan, C. S.

“Geomicrobiology of iron-oxidizing microbes”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of California-Berkeley, California, 2006. Advisor, Jillian F. Banfield. (


Covelli, D.

“X-ray mircroscopy of hydrocarbon-clay interactions”, M.Sc. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2007. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (


Haddad, A.G.

"Bioalteration of the seafloor and subseafloor: A molecular and spectroscopic investigation into microbe-mineral interactions," doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, 2013, advisor Katrina J. Edwards. (10.3.2,


Fu, J.

“Linear dichroism in the NEXAFS spectroscopy of N-alkane thin films”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2006. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (


Jiang, H.

“Inner shell excitation spectroscopy of amino acids and small peptides”, M.Sc. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2005. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (


Keiluweit, M.

"Assessing the Role of Reactive Metal Species in Soil Organic Matter Cycling using Chemical Imaging," doctoral dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 2013, advisor Markus Kleber. (,11.0.2,1.4,9.0.2,10.3.2)


Hudson, W.

"Block copolymer electrolytes for lithium batteries," doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 2011. Advisor Jeff Long. (,9.3.2)


Leung, B. O.

“Protein adsorption to polymer blend films”, Ph. D. Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON / Canada, 2010. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (


Li, J.

“Synthesis, characterization and modification of microcapsules”, ”, Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2010. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (


Li, L.

“X-ray spectromicroscopy of protein adsorption onto a chemically patterned surface”, Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2006. Advisor, Adam P. Hitchcock. (


Morin, C.

"Soft X-Ray Spectromicroscopy of Proteins on Patterned Polymer Films", Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario / Canada, 2004, Advisor Adam P. Hitchcock.(,,


Najafi, E.

"X-Ray and Electron Spectromicroscopy of Carbon Nanotube Systems," doctoral dissertation, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON / Canada, 2011, advisor Adam Hitchcock. (


Ortero, E.

“Soft X-ray spectroscopy of organic and organometallic molecules and polymers”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, 2008. Advisor, Stephen Urquhart. (


Torres, R.,

"Sistemas nanoestructurados basados en boro, carbono y nitrogeno.," doctoral dissertation, Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid - CSIC, Madrid, Spain, 2012, advisor Dr. Ignacio Jimenez. (


Usov, D.

"Switching of surface composition and morphology of binary polymer brushes", Doctoral dissertation, Technische Universitaet Dresden, Dresden, Germany, 2004, Advisor Prof. Manfred Stamm.(,6.1.2,


Wallis, P.J.

“Abiotic catalysis, The nexus between soil chemistry and catalysis in organic chemistry”, Ph.D. Thesis, Monash University, Australia, 2007. Advisors, Antonio F. Patti, Janet L. Scott, Will P. Gates.  (


Wang, C.

“Resonant soft X-ray reflectivity, A Tool for the Study of Polymer Thin Films”, Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina State University, North Carolina, 2008. Advisor, Harald Ade. (


Wang, J.

“Radiation chemistry studied by soft X-ray microscopy”, Ph.D. Thesis, McMaster University, Canada, 2008. Advisor, Adam. P. Hitchcock. (



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