9.3.1 AMO, Materials Science







Beamline 9.3.1 is a bend-magnet beamline which provides high-resolution x-ray beams for electron, ion, and x-ray spectroscopy measurements in atomic, molecular, and materials science.

The beamline is built around a double Si (1,1,1) crystal monochromator with a 2.32 to approximately 5.2 keVenergy range. This range includes the K-edges of sulfur and chlorine.  The flux begins to drop off dramatically over 4.8 keV.

The optical design includes two identical, but oppositely defecting, toroidal mirrors positioned symmetrically before and after the monochromator. This approach yields two benefits: high resolution by providing parallel x-rays for diffraction by the Si crystals, and a small beam spot by means of 1:1 focusing of the storage ring source with a minimum of aberrations.

The minimum beam size is better than 0.7 x 1.0 mm, and the position stability is less than 10 micron vertically and 25 microns horizontally. The beamline delivers over 1.3 × 1011 photons/s with a resolving power near 7000.




Ethan Crumlin Scientist, BL 9.3.1/9.3.2 This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 510-486-6235
  • M.N. Piancastelli, G. Goldsztejn, T. Marchenko, R. Guillemin, R. K. Kushawaha, L. Journel, S. Carniato, J.-P. Rueff, D. Ceolin, and M. Simon, "Core-hole-clock spectroscopies in the tender x-ray domain", J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys., 47 (2014) 124031.
  • X. Feng, M.-K. Song, W.C. Stolte, D. Gardenghi, D. Zhang, X. Sun, J. Zhu, E.J. Cairns, J. Guo, "Understanding the degradation mechanism of rechargeable lithium/sulfur cells: a comprehensive study of the sulfur-graphene oxide cathode after discharge-charge cycling", Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16 (2014) 16931.
  • C.S. Fadley and S. Nemsak, "Some future perspectives in soft- and hard-X-ray photoemission" J. Elect. Spect. Rel. Phenom. (2014).
  • L.H Coutinho, D.J. Gardenghi, A.S. Schlachter, G.G.B. de Souza, and W.C. Stolte, "Positive and negative ion formation in deep-core excited molecules: S 1s excitation in dimthyl sulfoxide"140 (2014) 024314.
  • W.C. Stolte, Z. Felfli, R. Guillemin, G. Öhrwall, S-W Yu, D.W. Lindle, T.W. Gorczyca, N.C. Deb, S.T. Manson, A. Hibbert, and A.Z. Msezane, “Innershell photoionization of atomic chlorine”,  Phys. Rev. A, 88 (2013) 053425
  • R. Guillemin, S. Carniato, L. Journel, W.C. Stolte, T. Marchenko, L. El Khoury, E. Kawerk, M.N. Piancastelli, A.C. Hudson, D.W. Lindle, and M. Simon, “A review of molecular effects in gas-phase KL X-ray emission”,  J. Elect. Spect. Rel. Phen. 188 (2013) 53.
  • G. Conti, A.M. Kaiser, A.X. Gray, S. Nemsak, G.K. Palsson, J. Son, P. Moetakef, A. Janotti, L. Bjaalie, C.S. Conlon, D. Eiteneer, A.A. Greer, A. Keqi, A.Rattanachata, A.Y. Saw, A. Bostwick, W.C. Stolte, A. Gloskovskii, W. Drube, S. Ueda, M. Kobata, K. Kobayashi, C.G. Van de Walle, S. Stemmer, C.M. Schneider, and C.S. Fadley, “Band offsets in complex-oxide think films and heterostructures of SrTiO3/LaNiO3 and SrTiO3/GdTiO3 by soft and hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy”,  J. Appl. Phys. 113 (2013) 143704.
  • I.N. Demchenko, M. Chernyshova, X. He, R. Minikayev, Y. Syryanyy, A. Derkachova, G Derkachov, W.C. Stolte, and H. Liang, “Experimental observation of quantum confinement in the conduction band of PbS quantum dots”, X-ray Spectrom.  42 (2013) 197.

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